Design, Synthesis and Antifungal Activity Evaluation of New Thiazolin-4-ones as Potential Lanosterol 14α-Demethylase Inhibitors
AbstractTwenty-three thiazolin-4-ones were synthesized starting from phenylthioamide or thiourea derivatives by condensation with α-monochloroacetic acid or ethyl α-bromoacetate, followed by substitution in position 5 with various arylidene moieties. All the synthesized compounds were physico-chemically characterized and the IR (infrared spectra), 1H NMR (proton nuclear magnetic resonance), 13C NMR (carbon nuclear magnetic resonance) and MS (mass spectrometry) data were consistent with the assigned structures. The synthesized thiazolin-4-one derivatives were tested for antifungal properties against several strains of Candida and all compounds exhibited efficient anti-Candida activity, two of them (9b and 10) being over 500-fold more active than fluconazole. Furthermore, the compounds’ lipophilicity was assessed and the compounds were subjected to in silico screening for prediction of their ADME-Tox properties (absorbtion, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity). Molecular docking studies were performed to investigate the mode of action towards the fungal lanosterol 14α-demethylase, a cytochrome P450-dependent enzyme. The results of the in vitro antifungal activity screening, docking study and ADME-Tox prediction revealed that the synthesized compounds are potential anti-Candida agents that might act by inhibiting the fungal lanosterol 14α-demethylase and can be further optimized and developed as lead compounds. View Full-Text
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Stana, A.; Vodnar, D.C.; Tamaian, R.; Pîrnău, A.; Vlase, L.; Ionuț, I.; Oniga, O.; Tiperciuc, B. Design, Synthesis and Antifungal Activity Evaluation of New Thiazolin-4-ones as Potential Lanosterol 14α-Demethylase Inhibitors. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 177.
Stana A, Vodnar DC, Tamaian R, Pîrnău A, Vlase L, Ionuț I, Oniga O, Tiperciuc B. Design, Synthesis and Antifungal Activity Evaluation of New Thiazolin-4-ones as Potential Lanosterol 14α-Demethylase Inhibitors. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(1):177.Chicago/Turabian Style
Stana, Anca; Vodnar, Dan C.; Tamaian, Radu; Pîrnău, Adrian; Vlase, Laurian; Ionuț, Ioana; Oniga, Ovidiu; Tiperciuc, Brînduşa. 2017. "Design, Synthesis and Antifungal Activity Evaluation of New Thiazolin-4-ones as Potential Lanosterol 14α-Demethylase Inhibitors." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 1: 177.
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