New Irradiation Method with Indocyanine Green-Loaded Nanospheres for Inactivating Periodontal Pathogens
AbstractAntimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has been proposed as an adjunctive strategy for periodontitis treatments. However, use of aPDT for periodontal treatment is complicated by the difficulty in accessing morphologically complex lesions such as furcation involvement, which the irradiation beam (which is targeted parallel to the tooth axis into the periodontal pocket) cannot access directly. The aim of this study was to validate a modified aPDT method that photosensitizes indocyanine green-loaded nanospheres through the gingivae from outside the pocket using a diode laser. To establish this trans-gingival irradiation method, we built an in vitro aPDT model using a substitution for gingivae. Irradiation conditions and the cooling method were optimized before the bactericidal effects on Porphyromonas gingivalis were investigated. The permeable energy through the gingival model at irradiation conditions of 2 W output power in a 50% duty cycle was comparable with the transmitted energy of conventional irradiation. Intermittent irradiation with air cooling limited the temperature increase in the gingival model to 2.75 °C. The aPDT group showed significant bactericidal effects, with reductions in colony-forming units of 99.99% after 5 min of irradiation. This effect of aPDT against a periodontal pathogen demonstrates the validity of trans-gingival irradiation for periodontal treatment. View Full-Text
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Sasaki, Y.; Hayashi, J.-I.; Fujimura, T.; Iwamura, Y.; Yamamoto, G.; Nishida, E.; Ohno, T.; Okada, K.; Yamamoto, H.; Kikuchi, T.; Mitani, A.; Fukuda, M. New Irradiation Method with Indocyanine Green-Loaded Nanospheres for Inactivating Periodontal Pathogens. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 154.
Sasaki Y, Hayashi J-I, Fujimura T, Iwamura Y, Yamamoto G, Nishida E, Ohno T, Okada K, Yamamoto H, Kikuchi T, Mitani A, Fukuda M. New Irradiation Method with Indocyanine Green-Loaded Nanospheres for Inactivating Periodontal Pathogens. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(1):154.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sasaki, Yasuyuki; Hayashi, Jun-ichiro; Fujimura, Takeki; Iwamura, Yuki; Yamamoto, Genta; Nishida, Eisaku; Ohno, Tasuku; Okada, Kosuke; Yamamoto, Hiromitsu; Kikuchi, Takeshi; Mitani, Akio; Fukuda, Mitsuo. 2017. "New Irradiation Method with Indocyanine Green-Loaded Nanospheres for Inactivating Periodontal Pathogens." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 1: 154.
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