Linear and Non-Linear Optical Imaging of Cancer Cells with Silicon Nanoparticles
AbstractNew approaches for visualisation of silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) in cancer cells are realised by means of the linear and nonlinear optics in vitro. Aqueous colloidal solutions of SiNPs with sizes of about 10–40 nm obtained by ultrasound grinding of silicon nanowires were introduced into breast cancer cells (MCF-7 cell line). Further, the time-varying nanoparticles enclosed in cell structures were visualised by high-resolution structured illumination microscopy (HR-SIM) and micro-Raman spectroscopy. Additionally, the nonlinear optical methods of two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF) and coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) with infrared laser excitation were applied to study the localisation of SiNPs in cells. Advantages of the nonlinear methods, such as rapid imaging, which prevents cells from overheating and larger penetration depth compared to the single-photon excited HR-SIM, are discussed. The obtained results reveal new perspectives of the multimodal visualisation and precise detection of the uptake of biodegradable non-toxic SiNPs by cancer cells and they are discussed in view of future applications for the optical diagnostics of cancer tumours. View Full-Text
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Tolstik, E.; Osminkina, L.A.; Akimov, D.; Gongalsky, M.B.; Kudryavtsev, A.A.; Timoshenko, V.Y.; Heintzmann, R.; Sivakov, V.; Popp, J. Linear and Non-Linear Optical Imaging of Cancer Cells with Silicon Nanoparticles. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1536.
Tolstik E, Osminkina LA, Akimov D, Gongalsky MB, Kudryavtsev AA, Timoshenko VY, Heintzmann R, Sivakov V, Popp J. Linear and Non-Linear Optical Imaging of Cancer Cells with Silicon Nanoparticles. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(9):1536.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tolstik, Elen; Osminkina, Liubov A.; Akimov, Denis; Gongalsky, Maksim B.; Kudryavtsev, Andrew A.; Timoshenko, Victor Y.; Heintzmann, Rainer; Sivakov, Vladimir; Popp, Jürgen. 2016. "Linear and Non-Linear Optical Imaging of Cancer Cells with Silicon Nanoparticles." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 9: 1536.
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