Novel Anti-Melanogenesis Properties of Polydeoxyribonucleotide, a Popular Wound Healing Booster
AbstractPolydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN), a deoxyribonucleotide polymer, is popularly used for faster healing of cutaneous wounds and boosting of neocollagenesis of photoaged skin among current dermatologic practitioners. Some patients receiving PDRN injection treatment also reported improvement of photoaging-associated mottled pigmentation (PMP). To investigate the effect of PDRN on cutaneous melanogenesis, we examined the effect of PDRN and an available product (Placentex®) containing PDRN on melanogenesis using human melanocytes-keratinocytes cocultures and mouse melanocytes. Melanin content, tyrosinase activity, and levels of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), tyrosinase, and tyrosinase-related protein (TRP-1) were determined. Intracellular signaling pathways were assessed by Western blotting. PDRN and Placentex® led to decreases in melanin content, tyrosinase activity, and MITF and TRP-1 expression with concomitant increases in phosphorylated forms of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) and AKT in mouse melanocytes. More importantly, both PDRN and Placentex® significantly suppressed the melanin content in human melanocyte–keratinocyte cocultures. Clinical evaluation of six female patients with facial hyperpigmentation after three sessions of intradermal PDRN injections using a 5-point scale revealed that PDRN led to more than noticeable improvements in hyperpigmented lesions. This is the first study to demonstrate that PDRN, which is known for its wound-healing properties, may have novel anti-melanogenesis and potential skin whitening properties. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Noh, T.K.; Chung, B.Y.; Kim, S.Y.; Lee, M.H.; Kim, M.J.; Youn, C.S.; Lee, M.W.; Chang, S.E. Novel Anti-Melanogenesis Properties of Polydeoxyribonucleotide, a Popular Wound Healing Booster. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1448.
Noh TK, Chung BY, Kim SY, Lee MH, Kim MJ, Youn CS, Lee MW, Chang SE. Novel Anti-Melanogenesis Properties of Polydeoxyribonucleotide, a Popular Wound Healing Booster. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(9):1448.Chicago/Turabian Style
Noh, Tai K.; Chung, Bo Y.; Kim, Su Y.; Lee, Mi H.; Kim, Moon J.; Youn, Choon S.; Lee, Mi W.; Chang, Sung E. 2016. "Novel Anti-Melanogenesis Properties of Polydeoxyribonucleotide, a Popular Wound Healing Booster." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 9: 1448.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.