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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(12), 2039; doi:10.3390/ijms17122039

Internet Databases of the Properties, Enzymatic Reactions, and Metabolism of Small Molecules—Search Options and Applications in Food Science

Department of Food Biochemistry, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Plac Cieszyński 1, 10-726 Olsztyn-Kortowo, Poland
Current address: Faculty of Physical Education, Jędrzej Śniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport, ul. Kazimierza Górskiego 1, 80-336 Gdańsk, Poland.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miguel Herrero
Received: 24 September 2016 / Revised: 17 November 2016 / Accepted: 29 November 2016 / Published: 6 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Foodomics Approaches in Food Science)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2143 KB, uploaded 6 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Internet databases of small molecules, their enzymatic reactions, and metabolism have emerged as useful tools in food science. Database searching is also introduced as part of chemistry or enzymology courses for food technology students. Such resources support the search for information about single compounds and facilitate the introduction of secondary analyses of large datasets. Information can be retrieved from databases by searching for the compound name or structure, annotating with the help of chemical codes or drawn using molecule editing software. Data mining options may be enhanced by navigating through a network of links and cross-links between databases. Exemplary databases reviewed in this article belong to two classes: tools concerning small molecules (including general and specialized databases annotating food components) and tools annotating enzymes and metabolism. Some problems associated with database application are also discussed. Data summarized in computer databases may be used for calculation of daily intake of bioactive compounds, prediction of metabolism of food components, and their biological activity as well as for prediction of interactions between food component and drugs. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioinformatics; biological activity; chemical information; database screening; education; food informatics; structure search; similarity search; text search bioinformatics; biological activity; chemical information; database screening; education; food informatics; structure search; similarity search; text search
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Minkiewicz, P.; Darewicz, M.; Iwaniak, A.; Bucholska, J.; Starowicz, P.; Czyrko, E. Internet Databases of the Properties, Enzymatic Reactions, and Metabolism of Small Molecules—Search Options and Applications in Food Science. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 2039.

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