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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(11), 1954; doi:10.3390/ijms17111954

Pulmonary Function and Incidence of Selected Respiratory Diseases Depending on the Exposure to Ambient PM10

1
Faculty of Building Services, Hydro- and Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 20 Nowowiejska St., PL00-653 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Information Systems, Gdynia Maritime University, 83 Morska St., PL81-225 Gdynia, Poland
3
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 159 Nowoursynowska St., PL02-776 Warsaw, Poland
4
Military Institute of Medicine, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of National Defense, 128 Szaserów St., PL04-141 Warsaw, Poland
5
Polish Federation of Asthma, Allergy and COPD Patients’ Associations, 23/102 Łabiszyńska St., PL03-204 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcello Iriti
Received: 9 September 2016 / Revised: 3 November 2016 / Accepted: 7 November 2016 / Published: 22 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Research on Global Climate Change and Atmospheric Pollution)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [853 KB, uploaded 22 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

It is essential in pulmonary disease research to take into account traffic-related air pollutant exposure among urban inhabitants. In our study, 4985 people were examined for spirometric parameters in the presented research which was conducted in the years 2008–2012. The research group was divided into urban and rural residents. Traffic density, traffic structure and velocity, as well as concentrations of selected air pollutants (CO, NO2 and PM10) were measured at selected areas. Among people who live in the city, lower percentages of predicted values of spirometric parameters were noticed in comparison to residents of rural areas. Taking into account that the difference in the five-year mean concentration of PM10 in the considered city and rural areas was over 17 μg/m3, each increase of PM10 by 10 μg/m3 is associated with the decline in FEV1 (forced expiratory volume during the first second of expiration) by 1.68%. These findings demonstrate that traffic-related air pollutants may have a significant influence on the decline of pulmonary function and the growing rate of respiratory diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: pulmonary function; respiratory diseases; ambient air pollution; PM10 pulmonary function; respiratory diseases; ambient air pollution; PM10
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MDPI and ACS Style

Badyda, A.; Gayer, A.; Czechowski, P.O.; Majewski, G.; Dąbrowiecki, P. Pulmonary Function and Incidence of Selected Respiratory Diseases Depending on the Exposure to Ambient PM10. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1954.

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