Isoliquiritigenin Attenuates Atherogenesis in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice
AbstractIsoliquiritigenin (ISL) exhibits antioxidation and anti-inflammation activity. We sought to investigate the effects and mechanism of ISL on the development of atherosclerotic lesions in apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE−/−) mice. Firstly, we determined that ISL reduced the mRNA levels of inflammatory factors interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), while it increased the expression of several lipoprotein-related genes in peritoneal macrophages treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). ISL also enhanced peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) protein levels and reversed the changes of ATP-binding cassette transporter A (ABCA1) and cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36) in macrophages treated with oxidative low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL). Then, in an in vivo study, female apoE−/− mice were fed a Western diet with ISL (0, 20, 100 mg/kg/day) added for 12 weeks. We found that ISL decreased the plasma cholesterol levels of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)/LDL, promoted plasma superoxide dismutase (SOD) and paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activities, and decreased plasma IL-6, TNF-α, and MCP-1 levels. Moreover, ISL significantly reduced the atherosclerotic lesions and hepatic steatosis in apoE−/− mice. In the liver, ISL altered the expression of several key genes (such as SRBI, ABCA1, ABCG8, PPARγ, and FASN) involving cholesterol-selective uptake and excretion into bile, triglyceride (TG) biosynthesis, and inflammation. These results suggest that the atheroprotective effects of ISL are due to the improvement of lipid metabolism, antioxidation, and anti-inflammation, which involve PPARγ-dependent signaling. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (PDF, 830 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Du, F.; Gesang, Q.; Cao, J.; Qian, M.; Ma, L.; Wu, D.; Yu, H. Isoliquiritigenin Attenuates Atherogenesis in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1932.
Du F, Gesang Q, Cao J, Qian M, Ma L, Wu D, Yu H. Isoliquiritigenin Attenuates Atherogenesis in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(11):1932.Chicago/Turabian Style
Du, Fen; Gesang, Quzhen; Cao, Jia; Qian, Mei; Ma, Li; Wu, Dongfang; Yu, Hong. 2016. "Isoliquiritigenin Attenuates Atherogenesis in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 11: 1932.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.