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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(1), 11; doi:10.3390/ijms17010011

Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 Suppresses Adipogenesis in Pig Intramuscular Fat Cells

1
Key Laboratory of Agriculture Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction, College of Animal Science, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
2
Department of Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction, College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mark Richter
Received: 6 October 2015 / Revised: 23 November 2015 / Accepted: 26 November 2015 / Published: 23 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) plays an important role in the treatment of disease associated with muscle insulin resistance which is characterized by various factors, such as intramuscular triglyceride (IMT) content. Studies have also shown that FGF21 inhibits triglyceride synthesis in vivo. However, the precise mechanism whereby FGF21 regulates triglyceride metabolism in intramuscular fat (IMF), which may influence the muscle insulin sensitivity, is not clearly understood. In order to understand the role of FGF21 in IMF deposition, we performed FGF21 overexpression in IMF cells by stable transfection. Our results showed that FGF21 inhibited the key adipogenesis gene mRNA expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (CEBP) family by reducing lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) expression which led to significant decline in lipid accumulation, and the result was confirmed by Western blot. Moreover, triggered by FGF21, parts of the adipokines—fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4), glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), adiponectin (ADIPOQ), and perilipin (PLIN1)—were also down-regulated. Furthermore, FGF21 gene expression was suppressed by transcription factor CEBP beta (CEBPB) which contributed strongly to triglyceride synthesis. Taken together, our study is the first to experimentally demonstrate FGF21 emerging as an efficient blockade of adipogenesis in IMF, thus also providing a new understanding of the mechanism whereby FGF21 improves insulin sensitivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: pig; FGF21; adipogenesis; IMT; CEBPB pig; FGF21; adipogenesis; IMT; CEBPB
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Liu, X.; Hou, L.; Wu, W.; Zhao, S.; Xiong, Y. Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 Suppresses Adipogenesis in Pig Intramuscular Fat Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 11.

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