Next Article in Journal
Protective Effects of Hong Shan Capsule against Lethal Total-Body Irradiation-Induced Damage in Wistar Rats
Next Article in Special Issue
Phytochemical Characterization of Veronica officinalis L., V. teucrium L. and V. orchidea Crantz from Romania and Their Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties
Previous Article in Journal
Cardiovascular Disease Modeling Using Patient-Specific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Previous Article in Special Issue
Bioactive Compounds of Blueberries: Post-Harvest Factors Influencing the Nutritional Value of Products
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(8), 18923-18937; doi:10.3390/ijms160818923

Nutritional Characterization and Phenolic Profiling of Moringa oleifera Leaves Grown in Chad, Sahrawi Refugee Camps, and Haiti

1
International Center for the Assessment of Nutritional Status (ICANS), University of Milan, Via Sandro Botticelli 21, 20133 Milan, Italy
2
Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences (DeFENS), University of Milan, Via Celoria 2, 20133 Milan, Italy
3
Department of Chemistry, University of Milan, Via Golgi 19, 20133 Milan, Italy
4
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences (DISFARM), University of Milan, Via Mangiagalli 25, 20133 Milan, Italy
5
Botanic Garden G.E. Ghirardi, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences (DISFARM), University of Milan, Via Religione 25, 25088 Toscolano Maderno, Italy
6
AVSI Foundation, Via Legnone, 20158 Milan, Italy
7
Movimento Africa 70, Via Missori 14, 20900 Monza, Italy
8
ACRA Foundation, Via Lazzaretto 3, 20124 Milan, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maurizio Battino
Received: 22 April 2015 / Revised: 5 August 2015 / Accepted: 7 August 2015 / Published: 12 August 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [872 KB, uploaded 12 August 2015]   |  

Abstract

Moringa oleifera is a plant that grows in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Its leaves are rich of nutrients and bioactive compounds. However, several differences are reported in the literature. In this article we performed a nutritional characterization and a phenolic profiling of M. oleifera leaves grown in Chad, Sahrawi refugee camps, and Haiti. In addition, we investigated the presence of salicylic and ferulic acids, two phenolic acids with pharmacological activity, whose presence in M. oleifera leaves has been scarcely investigated so far. Several differences were observed among the samples. Nevertheless, the leaves were rich in protein, minerals, and β-carotene. Quercetin and kaempferol glycosides were the main phenolic compounds identified in the methanolic extracts. Finally, salicylic and ferulic acids were found in a concentration range of 0.14–0.33 and 6.61–9.69 mg/100 g, respectively. In conclusion, we observed some differences in terms of nutrients and phenolic compounds in M. oleifera leaves grown in different countries. Nevertheless, these leaves are a good and economical source of nutrients for tropical and sub-tropical countries. Furthermore, M. oleifera leaves are a source of flavonoids and phenolic acids, among which salicylic and ferulic acids, and therefore they could be used as nutraceutical and functional ingredients. View Full-Text
Keywords: Moringa oleifera; proximate analysis; antioxidant; flavonoids; phenolic acids; salicylic acid; ferulic acid; Chad; Sahrawi; Haiti Moringa oleifera; proximate analysis; antioxidant; flavonoids; phenolic acids; salicylic acid; ferulic acid; Chad; Sahrawi; Haiti
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Leone, A.; Fiorillo, G.; Criscuoli, F.; Ravasenghi, S.; Santagostini, L.; Fico, G.; Spadafranca, A.; Battezzati, A.; Schiraldi, A.; Pozzi, F.; di Lello, S.; Filippini, S.; Bertoli, S. Nutritional Characterization and Phenolic Profiling of Moringa oleifera Leaves Grown in Chad, Sahrawi Refugee Camps, and Haiti. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 18923-18937.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top