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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(7), 14997-15008; doi:10.3390/ijms160714997

Expression of Human DNAJ (Heat Shock Protein-40) B3 in Humanized UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1 Mice

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Kitasato University, Tokyo 108-8641, Japan
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Academic Editor: Toshiro Arai
Received: 27 May 2015 / Revised: 22 June 2015 / Accepted: 24 June 2015 / Published: 2 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Research on Obesity and Diabetes)
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Abstract

The human DNAJB3 gene encodes a DNAJ (Heat shock protein 40; Hsp40) homolog, subfamily B, member 3 chaperone protein (DNAJB3), which can be down-regulated in disease conditions, as observed in decreased expression of DNAJB3 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of obese patients. Recently, humanized UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1 mice (hUGT1 mice) were developed, in which the introduced human UGT1 gene contained a gene encoding human DNAJB3. In the present study, we analyzed the expression of human DNAJB3 mRNA in hUGT1 mice. Among the examined tissues, the testis had the highest expression of human DNAJB3 mRNA, while the lowest expression was observed in the liver. We found that the pattern of tissue-specific expression of mouse Dnajb3 in hUGT1 mice was very similar to that of human DNAJB3. We further demonstrated that the expression of human DNAJB3 in the liver was significantly reduced in high-fat-diet-fed hUGT1 mice compared to the expression level in the control mice, indicating that the expression of human DNAJB3 in hUGT1 mice could be similarly regulated in disease conditions such as obesity. Humanized UGT1 mice might therefore be useful to investigate the physiological role of human DNAJB3 in vivo. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat shock protein; DNAJB3; humanized animal model; obesity heat shock protein; DNAJB3; humanized animal model; obesity
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Mitsugi, R.; Itoh, T.; Fujiwara, R. Expression of Human DNAJ (Heat Shock Protein-40) B3 in Humanized UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1 Mice. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 14997-15008.

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