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Open AccessCommunication
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(7), 14655-14668; doi:10.3390/ijms160714655

Echinacoside Induces Apoptosis in Human SW480 Colorectal Cancer Cells by Induction of Oxidative DNA Damages

Key Laboratory for Molecular Enzymology and Engineering of the Ministry of Education, National Engineering Laboratory for AIDS Vaccine, School of Life Sciences, Jilin University, 2699 Qianjin Street, Changchun 130012, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sanjay K. Srivastava
Received: 23 April 2015 / Revised: 10 June 2015 / Accepted: 24 June 2015 / Published: 29 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Echinacoside is a natural compound with potent reactive oxygen species (ROS)-scavenging and anti-oxidative bioactivities, which protect cells from oxidative damages. As cancer cells are often under intense oxidative stress, we therefore tested if Echinacoside treatment would promote cancer development. Surprisingly, we found that Echinacoside significantly inhibited the growth and proliferation of a panel of cancer cell lines. Treatment of the human SW480 cancer cells with Echinacoside resulted in marked apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, together with a significant increase in active caspase 3 and cleaved PARP, and upregulation of the G1/S-CDK blocker CDKN1B (p21). Interestingly, immunocytochemistry examination of drug-treated cancer cells revealed that Echinacoside caused a significant increase of intracellular oxidized guanine, 8-oxoG, and dramatic upregulation of the double-strand DNA break (DSB)-binding protein 53BP1, suggesting that Echinacoside induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in SW480 cancer cells via induction of oxidative DNA damages. These results establish Echinacoside as a novel chemical scaffold for development of anticancer drugs. View Full-Text
Keywords: Echinacoside; apoptosis; cell cycle arrest; DNA damage; 8-oxoG Echinacoside; apoptosis; cell cycle arrest; DNA damage; 8-oxoG
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Dong, L.; Yu, D.; Wu, N.; Wang, H.; Niu, J.; Wang, Y.; Zou, Z. Echinacoside Induces Apoptosis in Human SW480 Colorectal Cancer Cells by Induction of Oxidative DNA Damages. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 14655-14668.

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