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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(5), 9314-9340; doi:10.3390/ijms16059314

Insights on Structural Characteristics and Ligand Binding Mechanisms of CDK2

1
Key laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering (MOE), Faculty of Chemical, Environmental and Biological Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
2
School of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Hubei University for Nationalities, Enshi 445000, China
3
Center of Bioinformatics, College of Life Science, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bing Yan
Received: 4 March 2015 / Revised: 1 April 2015 / Accepted: 15 April 2015 / Published: 24 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [8897 KB, uploaded 24 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

Cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) is a crucial regulator of the eukaryotic cell cycle. However it is well established that monomeric CDK2 lacks regulatory activity, which needs to be aroused by its positive regulators, cyclins E and A, or be phosphorylated on the catalytic segment. Interestingly, these activation steps bring some dynamic changes on the 3D-structure of the kinase, especially the activation segment. Until now, in the monomeric CDK2 structure, three binding sites have been reported, including the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) binding site (Site I) and two non-competitive binding sites (Site II and III). In addition, when the kinase is subjected to the cyclin binding process, the resulting structural changes give rise to a variation of the ATP binding site, thus generating an allosteric binding site (Site IV). All the four sites are demonstrated as being targeted by corresponding inhibitors, as is illustrated by the allosteric binding one which is targeted by inhibitor ANS (fluorophore 8-anilino-1-naphthalene sulfonate). In the present work, the binding mechanisms and their fluctuations during the activation process attract our attention. Therefore, we carry out corresponding studies on the structural characterization of CDK2, which are expected to facilitate the understanding of the molecular mechanisms of kinase proteins. Besides, the binding mechanisms of CDK2 with its relevant inhibitors, as well as the changes of binding mechanisms following conformational variations of CDK2, are summarized and compared. The summary of the conformational characteristics and ligand binding mechanisms of CDK2 in the present work will improve our understanding of the molecular mechanisms regulating the bioactivities of CDK2. View Full-Text
Keywords: CDK2 (cyclin-dependent kinase 2); binding mechanism; variations CDK2 (cyclin-dependent kinase 2); binding mechanism; variations
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Y.; Zhang, J.; Gao, W.; Zhang, L.; Pan, Y.; Zhang, S.; Wang, Y. Insights on Structural Characteristics and Ligand Binding Mechanisms of CDK2. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 9314-9340.

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