The Role of Food Peptides in Lipid Metabolism during Dyslipidemia and Associated Health Conditions
AbstractAnimal and human clinical studies have demonstrated the ability of dietary food proteins to modulate endogenous lipid levels during abnormal lipid metabolism (dyslipidemia). Considering the susceptibility of proteins to gastric proteolytic activities, the hypolipidemic functions of proteins are possibly due, in part, to their peptide fragments. Food-derived peptides may directly modulate abnormal lipid metabolism in cell cultures and animal models of dyslipidemia. The peptides are thought to act by perturbing intestinal absorption of dietary cholesterol and enterohepatic bile acid circulation, and by inhibiting lipogenic enzymatic activities and gene expression in hepatocytes and adipocytes. Recent evidence indicates that the hypolipidemic activities of some peptides are due to activation of hepatic lipogenic transcription factors. However, detailed molecular mechanisms and structural requirements of peptides for these activities are yet to be elucidated. As hypolipidemic peptides can be released during enzymatic food processing, future studies can explore the prospects of combating metabolic syndrome and associated complications using peptide-rich functional food and nutraceutical products. View Full-Text
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Udenigwe, C.C.; Rouvinen-Watt, K. The Role of Food Peptides in Lipid Metabolism during Dyslipidemia and Associated Health Conditions. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 9303-9313.
Udenigwe CC, Rouvinen-Watt K. The Role of Food Peptides in Lipid Metabolism during Dyslipidemia and Associated Health Conditions. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(5):9303-9313.Chicago/Turabian Style
Udenigwe, Chibuike C.; Rouvinen-Watt, Kirsti. 2015. "The Role of Food Peptides in Lipid Metabolism during Dyslipidemia and Associated Health Conditions." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 5: 9303-9313.