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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(5), 11509-11521; doi:10.3390/ijms160511509

Periodic CO2 Dosing Strategy for Dunaliella salina Batch Culture

1
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Sheffield, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD, UK
2
Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Sheffield, Firth Court, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Christopher Q. Lan
Received: 20 March 2015 / Revised: 4 May 2015 / Accepted: 7 May 2015 / Published: 19 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microalgal Biotechnology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [927 KB, uploaded 19 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

A periodic CO2 dosing strategy for D. salina 19/30 batch culture is proposed. A model of periodic CO2 dosing including dosing time calculation, dosing interval estimation and final chlorophyll yield prediction was established. In experiments, 5% CO2/95% N2 gas was periodically dosed into D. salina culture. Two different gas dosing flow rates were tested. The corresponding dosing time for each flow rate was estimated via the model (10 min·d−1 for 0.7 L·min−1 and 36 min·d−1 for 0.3 L·min−1). Daily pH measurements showed that the pH of these cultures dosed periodically was always kept between 7.5 and 9.5, which highlights that periodic gas supply can maintain a suitable range of pH for microalgal growth without expensive buffers. Notably the culture dosed for set daily intervals was seen to have similar growth to the culture supplied constantly, but with much higher CO2 capture efficiency (11%–18%) compared to continuous dosing (0.25%). It shows great potential for using periodic gas supply to reduce cost, wasted gas and energy use. View Full-Text
Keywords: periodic CO2 dosing; D. salina; dosing time; dosing interval; CO2 capture efficiency periodic CO2 dosing; D. salina; dosing time; dosing interval; CO2 capture efficiency
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ying, K.; Gilmour, D.J.; Zimmerman, W.B. Periodic CO2 Dosing Strategy for Dunaliella salina Batch Culture. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 11509-11521.

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