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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(5), 11013-11033; doi:10.3390/ijms160511013

The Real Culprit in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Abnormal Epigenetic Regulation

1
Department of Dermatology, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Hunan Key Laboratory of Medical Epigenomics, Changsha 410011, China
2
Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chak-Sing Lau
Received: 15 April 2015 / Revised: 8 May 2015 / Accepted: 11 May 2015 / Published: 15 May 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1929 KB, uploaded 15 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease involving multiple organs and the presence of anti-nuclear antibodies. The pathogenesis of SLE has been intensively studied but remains far from clear. B and T lymphocyte abnormalities, dysregulation of apoptosis, defects in the clearance of apoptotic materials, and various genetic and epigenetic factors are attributed to the development of SLE. The latest research findings point to the association between abnormal epigenetic regulation and SLE, which has attracted considerable interest worldwide. It is the purpose of this review to present and discuss the relationship between aberrant epigenetic regulation and SLE, including DNA methylation, histone modifications and microRNAs in patients with SLE, the possible mechanisms of immune dysfunction caused by epigenetic changes, and to better understand the roles of aberrant epigenetic regulation in the initiation and development of SLE and to provide an insight into the related therapeutic options in SLE. View Full-Text
Keywords: SLE; epigenetics; DNA methylation; histone modification; microRNA SLE; epigenetics; DNA methylation; histone modification; microRNA
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wu, H.; Zhao, M.; Chang, C.; Lu, Q. The Real Culprit in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Abnormal Epigenetic Regulation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 11013-11033.

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