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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(2), 3626-3655; doi:10.3390/ijms16023626

Antimicrobial Polymeric Materials with Quaternary Ammonium and Phosphonium Salts

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB E3B 5A3, Canada
2
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China
3
School of Environment Science & Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Baoding 071003, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonella Piozzi
Received: 27 November 2014 / Accepted: 29 January 2015 / Published: 6 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Polymers)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1928 KB, uploaded 6 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

Polymeric materials containing quaternary ammonium and/or phosphonium salts have been extensively studied and applied to a variety of antimicrobial-relevant areas. With various architectures, polymeric quaternary ammonium/phosphonium salts were prepared using different approaches, exhibiting different antimicrobial activities and potential applications. This review focuses on the state of the art of antimicrobial polymers with quaternary ammonium/phosphonium salts. In particular, it discusses the structure and synthesis method, mechanisms of antimicrobial action, and the comparison of antimicrobial performance between these two kinds of polymers. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial; cationic polymer; quaternary ammonium salt; quaternary phosphonium salt antimicrobial; cationic polymer; quaternary ammonium salt; quaternary phosphonium salt
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Xue, Y.; Xiao, H.; Zhang, Y. Antimicrobial Polymeric Materials with Quaternary Ammonium and Phosphonium Salts. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 3626-3655.

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