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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(10), 23929-23969; doi:10.3390/ijms161023929

Effect of Metals, Metalloids and Metallic Nanoparticles on Microalgae Growth and Industrial Product Biosynthesis: A Review

1
AgricultureIsLife Platform, University of Liege-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Passage des Déportés 2, Gembloux B-5030, Belgium
2
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, the Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, Swietokrzyska 15, Kielce 25-406, Poland
3
Genetics and Physiology of Microalgae, Institute of Botany, University of Liege, B22, 27, Bld du Rectorat, Liège B-4000, Belgium
4
Unit of Biological and Industrial Chemistry, University of Liege-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Passage des Déportés 2, Gembloux B-5030, Belgium
5
Cellule Innovation et Créativité, University of Liege-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Passage des Déportés 2, Gembloux B-5030, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Christopher Q. Lan
Received: 18 August 2015 / Revised: 11 September 2015 / Accepted: 24 September 2015 / Published: 9 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microalgal Biotechnology)
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Abstract

Microalgae are a source of numerous compounds that can be used in many branches of industry. Synthesis of such compounds in microalgal cells can be amplified under stress conditions. Exposure to various metals can be one of methods applied to induce cell stress and synthesis of target products in microalgae cultures. In this review, the potential of producing diverse biocompounds (pigments, lipids, exopolymers, peptides, phytohormones, arsenoorganics, nanoparticles) from microalgae cultures upon exposure to various metals, is evaluated. Additionally, different methods to alter microalgae response towards metals and metal stress are described. Finally, possibilities to sustain high growth rates and productivity of microalgal cultures in the presence of metals are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: microalgae; metal stress; industrial products; growth rate; metal resistance microalgae; metal stress; industrial products; growth rate; metal resistance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Miazek, K.; Iwanek, W.; Remacle, C.; Richel, A.; Goffin, D. Effect of Metals, Metalloids and Metallic Nanoparticles on Microalgae Growth and Industrial Product Biosynthesis: A Review. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 23929-23969.

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