Next Article in Journal
Effect of Metals, Metalloids and Metallic Nanoparticles on Microalgae Growth and Industrial Product Biosynthesis: A Review
Next Article in Special Issue
Developing Potential Candidates of Preclinical Preeclampsia
Previous Article in Journal
Constituents and Pharmacological Activities of Myrcia (Myrtaceae): A Review of an Aromatic and Medicinal Group of Plants
Previous Article in Special Issue
Early Pregnancy Biomarkers in Pre-Eclampsia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(10), 23905-23928; doi:10.3390/ijms161023905

Cardiovascular Complications of Pregnancy

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Philip Newton Baker
Received: 15 June 2015 / Revised: 17 September 2015 / Accepted: 21 September 2015 / Published: 9 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Prediction, Diagnostics and Prevention of Pregnancy Complications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [733 KB, uploaded 9 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

Pregnancy causes significant metabolic and hemodynamic changes in a woman’s physiology to allow for fetal growth. The inability to adapt to these changes might result in the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (hypertension, preeclampsia or eclampsia), gestational diabetes and preterm birth. Contrary to previous beliefs these complications are not limited to the pregnancy period and may leave permanent vascular and metabolic damage. There is in addition, a direct association between these disorders and increased risk of future cardiovascular disease (CVD, including hypertension, ischemic heart disease, heart failure and stroke) and diabetes mellitus. Despite abundant evidence of this association, women who present with these complications of pregnancy do not receive adequate postpartum follow up and counseling regarding their increased risk of future CVD. The postpartum period in these women represents a unique opportunity to intervene with lifestyle modifications designed to reduce the development of premature cardiovascular complications. In some cases it allows early diagnosis and treatment of chronic hypertension or diabetes mellitus. The awareness of this relationship is growing in the medical community, especially among obstetricians and primary care physicians, who play a pivotal role in detecting these complications and assuring appropriate follow up. View Full-Text
Keywords: pregnancy complications; cardiovascular risk factors; hypertensive disorders of pregnancy; preeclampsia; gestational diabetes pregnancy complications; cardiovascular risk factors; hypertensive disorders of pregnancy; preeclampsia; gestational diabetes
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gongora, M.C.; Wenger, N.K. Cardiovascular Complications of Pregnancy. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 23905-23928.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top