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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(1), 535-546; doi:10.3390/ijms16010535

Diagnostic Potential of Differentially Expressed Homer1, IL-1β, and TNF-α in Coronary Artery Disease

Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine and Center for Gene Diagnosis, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: William Chi-shing Cho
Received: 31 October 2014 / Accepted: 22 December 2014 / Published: 29 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Increasing evidences suggest that inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). Numerous inflammatory cytokines and related genes mediate adverse cardiovascular events in patients with CAD, such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and Homer in the present study. The study was carried out on 163 CAD patients at different stages and 68 controls. The gene expression of Homer1, Homer2, Homer3, IL-1β, and TNF-α in the peripheral blood leukocytes were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The mRNA levels of Homer1, IL-1β, and TNF-α in CAD patients were significantly higher than those in the control group, but not Homer2 and Homer3. However, there was no considerable difference in the mRNA levels of Homer1, IL-1β, and TNF-α among AMI, UAP, and SAP three subgroups of CAD. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves showed that Homer1 had a better diagnostic value for UAP patients compared with IL-1β and TNF-α. Like IL-1β and TNF-α, Homer1 may also be an important participant of atherosclerotic plaque development and eventually rupture. The results of the present study may provide an important basis for diagnosing CAD patients, and provide new therapeutic targets for CAD. View Full-Text
Keywords: coronary artery disease; gene expression; inflammation; Homer; IL-1β; TNF-α coronary artery disease; gene expression; inflammation; Homer; IL-1β; TNF-α
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jing, X.; Chen, S.-S.; Jing, W.; Tan, Q.; Yu, M.-X.; Tu, J.-C. Diagnostic Potential of Differentially Expressed Homer1, IL-1β, and TNF-α in Coronary Artery Disease. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 535-546.

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