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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(8), 14728-14742; doi:10.3390/ijms150814728

The Effect of Fiber Bleaching Treatment on the Properties of Poly(lactic acid)/Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber Composites

1
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia
2
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 June 2014 / Revised: 31 July 2014 / Accepted: 13 August 2014 / Published: 22 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradable Materials)
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Abstract

In this work, biodegradable composites from poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fiber were prepared by melt blending method. Prior to mixing, the fiber was modified through bleaching treatment using hydrogen peroxide. Bleached fiber composite showed an improvement in mechanical properties as compared to untreated fiber composite due to the enhanced fiber/matrix interfacial adhesion. Interestingly, fiber bleaching treatment also improved the physical appearance of the composite. The study was extended by blending the composites with commercially available masterbatch colorant. View Full-Text
Keywords: composite; PLA; OPEFB; bleaching treatment; hydrogen peroxide; fiber/matrix interfacial adhesion; colorant composite; PLA; OPEFB; bleaching treatment; hydrogen peroxide; fiber/matrix interfacial adhesion; colorant
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rayung, M.; Ibrahim, N.A.; Zainuddin, N.; Saad, W.Z.; Razak, N.I.A.; Chieng, B.W. The Effect of Fiber Bleaching Treatment on the Properties of Poly(lactic acid)/Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber Composites. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 14728-14742.

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