Liquid Phase Sintered Ceramic Bone Scaffolds by Combined Laser and Furnace
AbstractFabrication of mechanically competent bioactive scaffolds is a great challenge in bone tissue engineering. In this paper, β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) scaffolds were successfully fabricated by selective laser sintering combined with furnace sintering. Bioglass 45S5 was introduced in the process as liquid phase in order to improve the mechanical and biological properties. The results showed that sintering of β-TCP with the bioglass revealed some features of liquid phase sintering. The optimum amount of 45S5 was 5 wt %. At this point, the scaffolds were densified without defects. The fracture toughness, compressive strength and stiffness were 1.67 MPam1/2, 21.32 MPa and 264.32 MPa, respectively. Bone like apatite layer was formed and the stimulation for apatite formation was increased with increase in 45S5 content after soaking in simulated body fluid, which indicated that 45S5 could improve the bioactivity. Furthermore, MG-63 cells adhered and spread well, and proliferated with increase in the culture time. View Full-Text
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Feng, P.; Deng, Y.; Duan, S.; Gao, C.; Shuai, C.; Peng, S. Liquid Phase Sintered Ceramic Bone Scaffolds by Combined Laser and Furnace. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 14574-14590.
Feng P, Deng Y, Duan S, Gao C, Shuai C, Peng S. Liquid Phase Sintered Ceramic Bone Scaffolds by Combined Laser and Furnace. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(8):14574-14590.Chicago/Turabian Style
Feng, Pei; Deng, Youwen; Duan, Songlin; Gao, Chengde; Shuai, Cijun; Peng, Shuping. 2014. "Liquid Phase Sintered Ceramic Bone Scaffolds by Combined Laser and Furnace." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 8: 14574-14590.