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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(8), 13967-13992; doi:10.3390/ijms150813967

Mechanistic Understanding of Toxicity from Nanocatalysts

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China
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Received: 16 June 2014 / Revised: 4 July 2014 / Accepted: 11 July 2014 / Published: 12 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Nanoparticles 2014)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1763 KB, uploaded 12 August 2014]   |  

Abstract

Nanoparticle-based catalysts, or nanocatalysts, have been applied in various industrial sectors, including refineries, petrochemical plants, the pharmaceutical industry, the chemical industry, food processing, and environmental remediation. As a result, there is an increasing risk of human exposure to nanocatalysts. This review evaluates the toxicity of popular nanocatalysts applied in industrial processes in cell and animal models. The molecular mechanisms associated with such nanotoxicity are emphasized to reveal common toxicity-inducing pathways from various nanocatalysts and the uniqueness of each specific nanocatalyst. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocatalysts; environmental remediation; safety concerns; toxicology; mechanism nanocatalysts; environmental remediation; safety concerns; toxicology; mechanism
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Jiang, C.; Jia, J.; Zhai, S. Mechanistic Understanding of Toxicity from Nanocatalysts. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 13967-13992.

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