Next Article in Journal
MADS-Box Transcription Factor SsMADS Is Involved in Regulating Growth and Virulence in Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
Previous Article in Journal
Docosahexaenoic Acid Supplementation during Pregnancy: A Potential Tool to Prevent Membrane Rupture and Preterm Labor
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(5), 8037-8048; doi:10.3390/ijms15058037

SHSST Cyclodextrin Complex Prevents the Fibrosis Effect on CCl4-Induced Cirrhotic Cardiomyopathy in Rats through TGF-β Pathway Inhibition Effects

1
Graduate Institute of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, 91 Hsueh-Shih Road, Taichung 40402, Taiwan
2
Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Science, China Medical University, 91 Hsueh-Shih Road, Taichung 40402, Taiwan
3
Department of Nursing, Mei Ho University, 23 Pingguang Road, Pingtung 91202, Taiwan
4
Department of Neurological Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, 325, Section 2, Chenggong Road, Neihu District, Taipei 114, Taiwan
5
Department of Pathology, Changhua Christian Hospital, 135 Nanxiao Street, Changhua 50006, Taiwan
6
Department of Medical Technology, Jen-Teh Junior College of Medicine, 79-9 Sha-Luen Hu, Xi-Zhou Li, Hou-Loung Town, Miaoli 35664, Taiwan
7
Department of Hospital and Health Care Administration, China Nan University of Pharmacy & Science, 60, Section 1, Erren Road, Rende District, Tainan 71710, Taiwan
8
School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, 91 Hsueh-Shih Road, Taichung 40402, Taiwan
9
Department of Healthcare Administration, Asia University, 500 Lioufeng Road, Taichung 41354, Taiwan
10
Department of Health and Nutrition Biotechnology, Asia University, 500 Lioufeng Road, Taichung 41354, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 February 2014 / Revised: 24 April 2014 / Accepted: 28 April 2014 / Published: 8 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1988 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |  

Abstract

Patients with liver cirrhosis also have subtle cardiac structure or function abnormalities. This cardiac dysfunction commonly occurs in 56% of waiting orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) patients and is defined as cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM). Up to now, there is no standard treatment because CCM does not have a solidly established diagnosis and is based on high clinical suspicion. The liver function of CCM is particularly limited, making patients vulnerable to more drug treatments. Here, we use silymarin (100 mg/kg/day), baicalein (30 mg/kg/day), San Huang Shel Shin Tang (SHSST, 30 mg/kg/day) and β-cyclodextrin modified SHSST (SHSSTc, 30 and 300 mg/kg/day) treatments for a CCl4-induced CCM rat model. The results show that silymarin, baicalein and SHSST treatments can only slightly reduce the collagen accumulation in CCM rat hearts. However, SHSSTc treatment protects the heart in CCM and significantly inhibits collagen acumination and the fibrosis regulating transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) pathway expression. SHSSTc treatments further reduced the heart weight and the ratio between left ventricular weight (LVW) and tibia length (TL). This experimental data show that water solubility improved β-cyclodextrin modified Chinese herbal medicine formula (SHSSTc) can provide an excellent heart protection effect through TGF-β pathway inhibition. View Full-Text
Keywords: San Huang Shel Shin Tang; silymarin; baicalein; cirrhotic cardiomyopathy San Huang Shel Shin Tang; silymarin; baicalein; cirrhotic cardiomyopathy
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, C.-H.; Ting, W.-J.; Day, C.H.; Ju, D.-T.; Yeh, Y.-L.; Chung, L.-C.; Tsai, F.-J.; Tsai, C.-H.; Tsai, Y.; Huang, C.-Y. SHSST Cyclodextrin Complex Prevents the Fibrosis Effect on CCl4-Induced Cirrhotic Cardiomyopathy in Rats through TGF-β Pathway Inhibition Effects. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 8037-8048.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top