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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(4), 5366-5387; doi:10.3390/ijms15045366

Searching for the Perfect Wave: The Effect of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields on Cells

1 Institute of Clinical Physiology, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Siena, Strada Petriccio e Belriguardo, Siena 53100, Italy 2 The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Viale Rinaldo Piaggio 34, Pisa 56025, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 December 2013 / Revised: 17 January 2014 / Accepted: 20 March 2014 / Published: 27 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
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There is a growing concern in the population about the effects that environmental exposure to any source of “uncontrolled” radiation may have on public health. Anxiety arises from the controversial knowledge about the effect of electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure to cells and organisms but most of all concerning the possible causal relation to human diseases. Here we reviewed those in vitro and in vivo and epidemiological works that gave a new insight about the effect of radio frequency (RF) exposure, relating to intracellular molecular pathways that lead to biological and functional outcomes. It appears that a thorough application of standardized protocols is the key to reliable data acquisition and interpretation that could contribute a clearer picture for scientists and lay public. Moreover, specific tuning of experimental and clinical RF exposure might lead to beneficial health effects.
Keywords: radio frequencies; neurodegeneration; radiotoxicity; cancer radio frequencies; neurodegeneration; radiotoxicity; cancer
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Gherardini, L.; Ciuti, G.; Tognarelli, S.; Cinti, C. Searching for the Perfect Wave: The Effect of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields on Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 5366-5387.

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