Abstract: Apoptosis of alveolar macrophages following Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection have been demonstrated to play a central role in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis. In the present study, we found that Wnt/β-catenin signaling possesses the potential to promote macrophage apoptosis in response to mycobacterial infection. In agreement with other findings, an activation Wnt/β-catenin signaling was observed in murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells upon Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) infection at a multiple-of-infection of 10, which was accompanied with up-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 production. However, the BCG-induced TNF-α and IL-6 secretion could be significantly reduced when the cells were exposed to a canonical Wnt signaling ligand, Wnt3a. Importantly, the activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling was able to further promote apoptosis in BCG-infected RAW264.7 cells in part by a mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway. Immunoblotting analysis further demonstrated that Wnt/β-catenin signaling-induced cell apoptosis partly through a caspase-dependent apoptosis mechanism by down-regulation of anti-apoptotic protein Mcl-1, and up-regulation of pro-apoptotic proteins Bax and cleaved-caspase-3, as well as enhancement of caspase-3 activity in BCG-infected RAW264.7 cells. These data may imply an underlying mechanism of alveolar macrophages in response to mycobacterial infection, by which the pathogen induces Wnt/β-catenin signaling activation, which in turn represses mycobacterium-trigged inflammatory responses and promotes mycobacteria-infected cell apoptosis.
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Wu, X.; Deng, G.; Hao, X.; Li, Y.; Zeng, J.; Ma, C.; He, Y.; Liu, X.; Wang, Y. A Caspase-Dependent Pathway Is Involved in Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Promoted Apoptosis in Bacillus Calmette-Guerin Infected RAW264.7 Macrophages. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 5045-5062.
Wu X, Deng G, Hao X, Li Y, Zeng J, Ma C, He Y, Liu X, Wang Y. A Caspase-Dependent Pathway Is Involved in Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Promoted Apoptosis in Bacillus Calmette-Guerin Infected RAW264.7 Macrophages. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(3):5045-5062.
Wu, Xiaoling; Deng, Guangcun; Hao, Xiujing; Li, Yong; Zeng, Jin; Ma, Chunyan; He, Yulong; Liu, Xiaoming; Wang, Yujiong. 2014. "A Caspase-Dependent Pathway Is Involved in Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Promoted Apoptosis in Bacillus Calmette-Guerin Infected RAW264.7 Macrophages." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 3: 5045-5062.