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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(1), 1201-1215; doi:10.3390/ijms15011201
Article

Hispolon Decreases Melanin Production and Induces Apoptosis in Melanoma Cells through the Downregulation of Tyrosinase and Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor (MITF) Expressions and the Activation of Caspase-3, -8 and -9

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Received: 27 November 2013; in revised form: 29 December 2013 / Accepted: 8 January 2014 / Published: 17 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Bioactives and Nutraceuticals)
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Abstract: Hispolon is one of the most important functional compounds that forms Phellinus linteus (Berkeley & Curtis) Teng. Hispolon has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative and anticancer effects. In this study, we analyzed the functions of hispolon on melanogenesis and apoptosis in B16-F10 melanoma cells. The results demonstrated that hispolon is not an enzymatic inhibitor for tyrosinase; rather, it represses the expression of tyrosinase and the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) to reduce the production of melanin in α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH)-stimulated B16-F10 cells at lower concentrations (less than 2 μM). In contrast, at higher concentration (greater than 10 μM), hispolon can induce activity of caspase-3, -8 and -9 to trigger apoptosis of B16-F10 cells but not of Detroit 551 normal fibroblast cells. Therefore, we suggest that hispolon has the potential to treat hyperpigmentation diseases and melanoma skin cancer in the future.
Keywords: apoptosis; caspase; hispolon; melanin; microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF); tyrosinase apoptosis; caspase; hispolon; melanin; microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF); tyrosinase
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, Y.-S.; Lee, S.-M.; Lin, C.-C.; Liu, C.-Y. Hispolon Decreases Melanin Production and Induces Apoptosis in Melanoma Cells through the Downregulation of Tyrosinase and Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor (MITF) Expressions and the Activation of Caspase-3, -8 and -9. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 1201-1215.

AMA Style

Chen Y-S, Lee S-M, Lin C-C, Liu C-Y. Hispolon Decreases Melanin Production and Induces Apoptosis in Melanoma Cells through the Downregulation of Tyrosinase and Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor (MITF) Expressions and the Activation of Caspase-3, -8 and -9. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(1):1201-1215.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Yi-Shyan; Lee, Shu-Mei; Lin, Chih-Chien; Liu, Chia-Yi. 2014. "Hispolon Decreases Melanin Production and Induces Apoptosis in Melanoma Cells through the Downregulation of Tyrosinase and Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor (MITF) Expressions and the Activation of Caspase-3, -8 and -9." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 1: 1201-1215.


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