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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(1), 1162-1175; doi:10.3390/ijms15011162

Optimization and Evaluation of Magnetic Bead Separation Combined with Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectroscopy (MALDI-TOF MS) for Proteins Profiling of Peritoneal Dialysis Effluent

1,2,†
,
1,2,†
,
1,2
,
1,2
,
1,2
and
1,2,*
1
Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, 58th Zhongshan Road II, Guangzhou 510080, China
2
Key Laboratory of Nephrology, Ministry of Health, Guangzhou 510080, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 October 2013 / Revised: 4 January 2014 / Accepted: 10 January 2014 / Published: 16 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Collection Advances in Proteomic Research)
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Abstract

Peritoneal dialysis effluent (PDE) potentially carries an archive of peptides relevant to pathological processes in abdominal and surrounding tissues. Magnetic beads and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry is one such approach that offers a unique tool for profiling of peptides, but this approach has not been used in the PDE analysis. In this study, we developed a strategy for screening PDE proteins <15 kDa and applied this technique to identify potential biomarkers for peritonitis. We examined four kinds of magnetic beads, including a carbon series (C3, C8), weak cation exchange (WCX) and immobilized metal-affinity chromatography (IMAC-Cu) beads. Samples processed with IMAC-Cu magnetic beads consistently showed more MS signals across all beads within the measured mass range. Moreover, there was no difference in the number and morphology of MS signals between concentrated and unconcentrated samples. The PDE peptidome pattern, based on a panel of 15 peaks, accurately recognized peritonitis PD patients from peritonitis-free patients with sensitivity of 90.5% and specificity of 94.7% respectively. Therefore, IMAC-Cu magnetic beads and unconcentrated samples can be used as a fast and cost-effective approach for sample preparation prior to more in-depth discovery of predictive biomarkers of disease in patients on dialysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: peritoneal dialysis; proteomics; matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) peritoneal dialysis; proteomics; matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, N.; Wen, Q.; Li, Z.-J.; Xu, R.-C.; Peng, F.-F.; Yu, X.-Q. Optimization and Evaluation of Magnetic Bead Separation Combined with Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectroscopy (MALDI-TOF MS) for Proteins Profiling of Peritoneal Dialysis Effluent. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 1162-1175.

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