Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(9), 18024-18040; doi:10.3390/ijms140918024
Article

Progressive Changes in Inflammatory and Matrix Adherence of Bronchial Epithelial Cells with Persistent Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Infection (Progressive Changes in RSV Infection)

1 Department of Physiology, School of Basic Medical Science, Central South University, Changsha 410078, China 2 Department of Physiology, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510182, China 3 Respiratory Department, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410078, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 July 2013; in revised form: 16 August 2013 / Accepted: 21 August 2013 / Published: 3 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
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Abstract: In addition to the acute manifestations of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), persistent infection may be associated with long-term complications in the development of chronic respiratory diseases. To understand the mechanisms underlying RSV-induced long-term consequences, we established an in vitro RSV (strain A2) infection model using human bronchial epithelial (16HBE) cells that persists over four generations and analyzed cell inflammation and matrix adherence. Cells infected with RSV at multiplicity of infection (MOI) 0.0067 experienced cytolytic or abortive infections in the second generation (G2) or G3 but mostly survived up to G4. Cell morphology, leukocyte and matrix adherence of the cells did not change in G1 or G2, but subsequently, leukocyte adherence and cytokine/chemokine secretion, partially mediated by intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), increased drastically, and matrix adherence, partially mediated by E-cadherin, decreased until the cells died. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) secretion was inhibited by ICAM-1 antibody in infected-16HBE cells, suggesting that positive feedback between TNF-α secretion and ICAM-1 expression may be significant in exacerbated inflammation. These data demonstrate the susceptibility of 16HBE cells to RSV and their capacity to produce long-term progressive RSV infection, which may contribute to inflammation mobilization and epithelial shedding.
Keywords: respiratory syncytial virus; human bronchial epithelial cells; adherence; adhesive molecule; cytokine; chemokine

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, X.; Qin, X.; Xiang, Y.; Liu, H.; Gao, G.; Qin, L.; Liu, C.; Qu, X. Progressive Changes in Inflammatory and Matrix Adherence of Bronchial Epithelial Cells with Persistent Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Infection (Progressive Changes in RSV Infection). Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 18024-18040.

AMA Style

Liu X, Qin X, Xiang Y, Liu H, Gao G, Qin L, Liu C, Qu X. Progressive Changes in Inflammatory and Matrix Adherence of Bronchial Epithelial Cells with Persistent Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Infection (Progressive Changes in RSV Infection). International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(9):18024-18040.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Xiaoai; Qin, Xiaoqun; Xiang, Yang; Liu, Huijun; Gao, Ge; Qin, Ling; Liu, Chi; Qu, Xiangping. 2013. "Progressive Changes in Inflammatory and Matrix Adherence of Bronchial Epithelial Cells with Persistent Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Infection (Progressive Changes in RSV Infection)." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 9: 18024-18040.

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