Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(9), 17584-17607; doi:10.3390/ijms140917584
Article

Nanoconfinement-Induced Structures in Chiral Liquid Crystals

1,* email, 1email, 2email and 1,2email
Received: 11 July 2013; in revised form: 8 August 2013 / Accepted: 16 August 2013 / Published: 28 August 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: We employ Monte Carlo simulations in a specialized isothermal-isobaric and in the grand canonical ensemble to study structure formation in chiral liquid crystals as a function of molecular chirality. Our model potential consists of a simple Lennard-Jones potential, where the attractive contribution has been modified to represent the orientation dependence of the interaction between a pair of chiral liquid-crystal molecules. The liquid crystal is confined between a pair of planar and atomically smooth substrates onto which molecules are anchored in a hybrid fashion. Hybrid anchoring allows for the formation of helical structures in the direction perpendicular to the substrate plane without exposing the helix to spurious strains. At low chirality, we observe a cholesteric phase, which is transformed into a blue phase at higher chirality. More specifically, by studying the unit cell and the spatial arrangement of disclination lines, this blue phase can be established as blue phase II. If the distance between the confining substrates and molecular chirality are chosen properly, we see a third structure, which may be thought of as a hybrid, exhibiting mixed features of a cholesteric and a blue phase.
Keywords: liquid crystal; chirality; cholesteric and blue phases; confinement; Monte Carlo simulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Melle, M.; Theile, M.; Hall, C.K.; Schoen, M. Nanoconfinement-Induced Structures in Chiral Liquid Crystals. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 17584-17607.

AMA Style

Melle M, Theile M, Hall CK, Schoen M. Nanoconfinement-Induced Structures in Chiral Liquid Crystals. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(9):17584-17607.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Melle, Michael; Theile, Madlona; Hall, Carol K.; Schoen, Martin. 2013. "Nanoconfinement-Induced Structures in Chiral Liquid Crystals." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 9: 17584-17607.

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