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P4 ATPases: Flippases in Health and Disease
AbstractP4 ATPases catalyze the translocation of phospholipids from the exoplasmic to the cytosolic leaflet of biological membranes, a process termed “lipid flipping”. Accumulating evidence obtained in lower eukaryotes points to an important role for P4 ATPases in vesicular protein trafficking. The human genome encodes fourteen P4 ATPases (fifteen in mouse) of which the cellular and physiological functions are slowly emerging. Thus far, deficiencies of at least two P4 ATPases, ATP8B1 and ATP8A2, are the cause of severe human disease. However, various mouse models and in vitro studies are contributing to our understanding of the cellular and physiological functions of P4-ATPases. This review summarizes current knowledge on the basic function of these phospholipid translocating proteins, their proposed action in intracellular vesicle transport and their physiological role.
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van der Mark, V.A.; Elferink, R.P.O.; Paulusma, C.C. P4 ATPases: Flippases in Health and Disease. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 7897-7922.View more citation formats
van der Mark VA, Elferink RPO, Paulusma CC. P4 ATPases: Flippases in Health and Disease. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(4):7897-7922.Chicago/Turabian Style
van der Mark, Vincent A.; Elferink, Ronald P.O.; Paulusma, Coen C. 2013. "P4 ATPases: Flippases in Health and Disease." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 4: 7897-7922.