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Molecular Typing of Mastitis-Causing Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Heifers and Cows
Institute of Animal Science, Dairy Cattle Center, Nova Odessa 13460, São Paulo, Brazil
Embrapa Southeast Livestock, São Carlos 13560, São Paulo, Brazil
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 November 2012; in revised form: 31 January 2013 / Accepted: 5 February 2013 / Published: 21 February 2013
Abstract: Staphylococcus aureus is among the main etiologic agents of bovine mastitis. A total of 83 isolates of S. aureus from mammary glands of primiparous heifers were collected in the prepartum, calving and during lactation. For lactating cows, a total of 27 isolates of S. aureus from mammary glands were collected during lactation. The samples were taken in two dairy farms located in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. The highest frequency of S. aureus isolation in heifers was at the end of lactation. Strains were typified through Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and grouped according to patterns of restriction enzyme SmaI. PFGE generated seven clonal profiles that were grouped into three different lineages, with the LA lineage being predominant and identified in heifers, as well as in the cows from the two regions studied. It was concluded that the cows showed a significant source of dispersion of S. aureus. At the first lactation the heifers were infected by the same clonal profiles of S. aureus which were isolated from multiparous lactating cows. The heifers were infected during milking over the months of lactation.
Keywords: epidemiology; heifers; PFGE
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Castelani, L.; Santos, A.F.S.; dos Santos Miranda, M.; Zafalon, L.F.; Pozzi, C.R.; Arcaro, J.R.P. Molecular Typing of Mastitis-Causing Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Heifers and Cows. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 4326-4333.
Castelani L, Santos AFS, dos Santos Miranda M, Zafalon LF, Pozzi CR, Arcaro JRP. Molecular Typing of Mastitis-Causing Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Heifers and Cows. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(2):4326-4333.
Castelani, Lívia; Santos, Aline F.S.; dos Santos Miranda, Mariana; Zafalon, Luiz F.; Pozzi, Claudia R.; Arcaro, Juliana R.P. 2013. "Molecular Typing of Mastitis-Causing Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Heifers and Cows." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 2: 4326-4333.