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Polymorphisms in DNA Repair Genes and Susceptibility to Glioma in a Chinese Population
Department of Neurosurgery, Shengjing Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2012; in revised form: 9 January 2013 / Accepted: 10 January 2013 / Published: 5 February 2013
Abstract: The excision repair cross-complementing rodent repair deficiency complementation group 1 (ERCC1), and X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) genes appear to protect mammalian cells from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation. We conducted a large case-control study to investigate the association of polymorphisms in ERCC1 C118T, ERCC1 C8092A, XRCC1 A194T, XRCC1 A194T, and XRCC3 C241T, with glioma risk in a Chinese population. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped, using the MassARRAY IPLEX platform, in 443 glioma cases and 443 controls. Association analyses based on an χ2 test and binary logistic regression were performed to determine the odds ratio (OR) and a 95% confidence interval (95% CI) for each SNP. For XRCC1 Arg194Trp, the variant genotype T/T was strongly associated with a lower risk of glioma cancer when compared with the wild type C/C (OR = 2.45, 95% CI = 1.43–4.45). Individuals carrying the XRCC1 399A allele had an increased risk of glioma (OR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.02–1.64). The XRCC3 241T/T genotype was associated with a strong increased glioma risk (OR = 3.78, 95% CI = 1.86–9.06). Further analysis of the interactions of two susceptibility-associated SNPs, XRCC1 Arg194Trp and XRCC3 Thr241Met, showed that the combination of the XRCC1 194T and XRCC3 241T alleles brought a large increase in glioma risk (OR = 2.75, 95% CI = 1.54–4.04). XRCC1 Arg194Trp, XRCC1 Arg399Gln, and XRCC3 C241T, appear to be associated with susceptibility to glioma in a Chinese population.
Keywords: ERCC1; XRCC1; XRCC3; polymorphisms; glioma
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MDPI and ACS Style
Pan, W.-R.; Li, G.; Guan, J.-H. Polymorphisms in DNA Repair Genes and Susceptibility to Glioma in a Chinese Population. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 3314-3324.
Pan W-R, Li G, Guan J-H. Polymorphisms in DNA Repair Genes and Susceptibility to Glioma in a Chinese Population. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(2):3314-3324.
Pan, Wei-Ran; Li, Gang; Guan, Jun-Hong. 2013. "Polymorphisms in DNA Repair Genes and Susceptibility to Glioma in a Chinese Population." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 2: 3314-3324.