Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(12), 24255-24270; doi:10.3390/ijms141224255
Article

Identification and Characterization of Seven Glutathione S-Transferase Genes from Citrus Red Mite, Panonychus citri (McGregor)

Received: 10 September 2013; in revised form: 21 November 2013 / Accepted: 22 November 2013 / Published: 13 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The citrus red mite, Panonychus citri (McGregor), is a global citrus pest, and has developed severe resistance to several types of acaricides. However, the molecular mechanisms of resistance in this mite remain unknown. In this study, seven full-length cDNAs encoding glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) genes were identified and characterized in P. citri. The effects of pyridaben and fenpropathrin exposure on the expression of these genes were also investigated. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the seven GSTs genes in P. citri cloned in this study belong to three different cytosolic classes, including four in mu, two in delta and one in zeta. Among these seven GSTs genes, the relative expression level of PcGSTm1 was significantly higher in adult than in the other life stages (egg, larvae and nymph). Compared with the control, the mRNA levels of the seven GST genes did not change significantly following exposure to pyridaben at LC10. However, RT-qPCR results showed that, when exposed to LC10 of fenpropathrin, six GSTs gene (PcGSTm1, PcGSTm3, PcGSTm4, PcGSTd1, PcGSTd2 and PcGSTz1) transcripts increased in a time-dependent manner. This is the first insight into the molecular characteristics of GSTs gene cDNAs in P. citri. The elevated GSTs gene transcripts following exposure to fenpropathrin might be one of the mechanisms involved in detoxification of this acaricide.
Keywords: Panonychus citri; glutathione S-transferase; gene expression; pyridaben; fenpropathrin
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [933 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014 05:20 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Liao, C.-Y.; Zhang, K.; Niu, J.-Z.; Ding, T.-B.; Zhong, R.; Xia, W.-K.; Dou, W.; Wang, J.-J. Identification and Characterization of Seven Glutathione S-Transferase Genes from Citrus Red Mite, Panonychus citri (McGregor). Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 24255-24270.

AMA Style

Liao C-Y, Zhang K, Niu J-Z, Ding T-B, Zhong R, Xia W-K, Dou W, Wang J-J. Identification and Characterization of Seven Glutathione S-Transferase Genes from Citrus Red Mite, Panonychus citri (McGregor). International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(12):24255-24270.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liao, Chong-Yu; Zhang, Kun; Niu, Jin-Zhi; Ding, Tian-Bo; Zhong, Rui; Xia, Wen-Kai; Dou, Wei; Wang, Jin-Jun. 2013. "Identification and Characterization of Seven Glutathione S-Transferase Genes from Citrus Red Mite, Panonychus citri (McGregor)." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 12: 24255-24270.

Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert