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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(1), 1713-1727; doi:10.3390/ijms14011713
Review

CXCR4/CXCL12 in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Metastasis to the Brain

Received: 12 November 2012; in revised form: 4 January 2013 / Accepted: 7 January 2013 / Published: 15 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Brain Metastasis)
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Abstract: Lung cancer represents the leading cause of cancer-related mortality throughout the world. Patients die of local progression, disseminated disease, or both. At least one third of the people with lung cancer develop brain metastases at some point during their disease, even often before the diagnosis of lung cancer is made. The high rate of brain metastasis makes lung cancer the most common type of tumor to spread to the brain. It is critical to understand the biologic basis of brain metastases to develop novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. This review will focus on the emerging data supporting the involvement of the chemokine CXCL12 and its receptor CXCR4 in the brain metastatic evolution of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the pharmacological tools that may be used to interfere with this signaling axis.
Keywords: brain metastases; chemokines; CXCL12; CXCR4; lung cancer; metastasis brain metastases; chemokines; CXCL12; CXCR4; lung cancer; metastasis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cavallaro, S. CXCR4/CXCL12 in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Metastasis to the Brain. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 1713-1727.

AMA Style

Cavallaro S. CXCR4/CXCL12 in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Metastasis to the Brain. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(1):1713-1727.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cavallaro, Sebastiano. 2013. "CXCR4/CXCL12 in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Metastasis to the Brain." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 1: 1713-1727.


Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert