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Chromatin Dynamics during Nucleotide Excision Repair: Histones on the Move
Laboratory of Chromatin Dynamics, Curie Institute Research Centre, 75248 Paris Cedex 5, France
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 218, 75248 Paris Cedex 5, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 August 2012; in revised form: 6 September 2012 / Accepted: 7 September 2012 / Published: 19 September 2012
Abstract: It has been a long-standing question how DNA damage repair proceeds in a nuclear environment where DNA is packaged into chromatin. Several decades of analysis combining in vitro and in vivo studies in various model organisms ranging from yeast to human have markedly increased our understanding of the mechanisms underlying chromatin disorganization upon damage detection and re-assembly after repair. Here, we review the methods that have been developed over the years to delineate chromatin alterations in response to DNA damage by focusing on the well-characterized Nucleotide Excision Repair (NER) pathway. We also highlight how these methods have provided key mechanistic insight into histone dynamics coupled to repair in mammals, raising new issues about the maintenance of chromatin integrity. In particular, we discuss how NER factors and central players in chromatin dynamics such as histone modifiers, nucleosome remodeling factors, and histone chaperones function to mobilize histones during repair.
Keywords: chromatin; histone chaperone; histone dynamics; nucleosome remodeling factor; Nucleotide Excision Repair; ubiquitylation; UV
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Adam, S.; Polo, S.E. Chromatin Dynamics during Nucleotide Excision Repair: Histones on the Move. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 11895-11911.
Adam S, Polo SE. Chromatin Dynamics during Nucleotide Excision Repair: Histones on the Move. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(9):11895-11911.
Adam, Salomé; Polo, Sophie E. 2012. "Chromatin Dynamics during Nucleotide Excision Repair: Histones on the Move." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 9: 11895-11911.