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Nucleotide Excision Repair in Cellular Chromatin: Studies with Yeast from Nucleotide to Gene to Genome
Institute of Cancer and Genetics, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 July 2012; in revised form: 22 August 2012 / Accepted: 24 August 2012 / Published: 7 September 2012
Abstract: Here we review our development of, and results with, high resolution studies on global genome nucleotide excision repair (GGNER) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have focused on how GGNER relates to histone acetylation for its functioning and we have identified the histone acetyl tranferase Gcn5 and acetylation at lysines 9/14 of histone H3 as a major factor in enabling efficient repair. We consider results employing primarily MFA2 as a model gene, but also those with URA3 located at subtelomeric sequences. In the latter case we also see a role for acetylation at histone H4. We then go on to outline the development of a high resolution genome-wide approach that enables one to examine correlations between histone modifications and the nucleotide excision repair (NER) of UV-induced cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers throughout entire genomes. This is an approach that will enable rapid advances in understanding the complexities of how compacted chromatin in chromosomes is processed to access DNA damage and then returned to its pre-damaged status to maintain epigenetic codes.
Keywords: global genome nucleotide excision repair; chromatin; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; UV-induced cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers; histone acetylation; gene studies; genome-wide studies
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Waters, R.; Evans, K.; Bennett, M.; Yu, S.; Reed, S. Nucleotide Excision Repair in Cellular Chromatin: Studies with Yeast from Nucleotide to Gene to Genome. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 11141-11164.
Waters R, Evans K, Bennett M, Yu S, Reed S. Nucleotide Excision Repair in Cellular Chromatin: Studies with Yeast from Nucleotide to Gene to Genome. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(9):11141-11164.
Waters, Raymond; Evans, Katie; Bennett, Mark; Yu, Shirong; Reed, Simon. 2012. "Nucleotide Excision Repair in Cellular Chromatin: Studies with Yeast from Nucleotide to Gene to Genome." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 9: 11141-11164.