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Quantitative Expression of C-Type Lectin Receptors in Humans and Mice
Medical Clinic and Policlinic IV, Nephrological Center, University of Munich, Munich 80336, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2012; in revised form: 26 July 2012 / Accepted: 6 August 2012 / Published: 14 August 2012
Abstract: C-type lectin receptors and their adaptor molecules are involved in the recognition of glycosylated self-antigens and pathogens. However, little is known about the species- and organ-specific expression profiles of these molecules. We therefore determined the mRNA expression levels of Dectin-1, MR1, MR2, DC-SIGN, Syk, Card-9, Bcl-10, Malt-1, Src, Dec-205, Galectin-1, Tim-3, Trem-1, and DAP-12 in 11 solid organs of human and mice. Mouse organs revealed lower mRNA levels of most molecules compared to spleen. However, Dec-205 and Galectin-1 in thymus, Src in brain, MR2, Card-9, Bcl-10, Src, and Dec-205 in small intestine, MR2, Bcl-10, Src, Galectin-1 in kidney, and Src and Galectin-1 in muscle were at least 2-fold higher expressed compared to spleen. Human lung, liver and heart expressed higher mRNA levels of most genes compared to spleen. Dectin-1, MR1, Syk and Trem-1 mRNA were strongly up-regulated upon ischemia-reperfusion injury in murine kidney. Tim3, DAP-12, Card-9, DC-SIGN and MR2 were further up-regulated during renal fibrosis. Murine kidney showed higher DAP-12, Syk, Card-9 and Dectin-1 mRNA expression during the progression of lupus nephritis. Thus, the organ-, and species-specific expression of C-type lectin receptors is different between mice and humans which must be considered in the interpretation of related studies.
Keywords: infection; pattern recognition receptors; innate immunity; inflammation; macrophages; dendritic cells
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A correction was published on 18 December 2012: http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/13/12/17294
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The authors wish to add this correction on their paper published in IJMS . Galectin-1 was misclassified as a C-type lectin. Galectin-1 belongs to the family of the S-type lectins, i.e., the galectins. These errors have been amended in an amended version of the manuscript, which is available from the International Journal of Molecular Sciences website. The authors and publisher apologize for the inconvenience.
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MDPI and ACS Style
Lech, M.; Susanti, H.E.; Römmele, C.; Gröbmayr, R.; Günthner, R.; Anders, H.-J. Quantitative Expression of C-Type Lectin Receptors in Humans and Mice. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 10113-10131.
Lech M, Susanti HE, Römmele C, Gröbmayr R, Günthner R, Anders H-J. Quantitative Expression of C-Type Lectin Receptors in Humans and Mice. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(8):10113-10131.
Lech, Maciej; Susanti, Heni Eka; Römmele, Christoph; Gröbmayr, Regina; Günthner, Roman; Anders, Hans-Joachim. 2012. "Quantitative Expression of C-Type Lectin Receptors in Humans and Mice." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 8: 10113-10131.