Abstract: Vegetables are widely consumed in Brazil and exported to several countries. This study was performed to evaluate the phenolic content and antioxidant activity of vegetables commonly consumed in Brazil using five different methods, namely DPPH and ABTS free radical, β-carotene bleaching, reduction of Fe3+ (FRAP), oxidative stability in Rancimat, and the chemical composition using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The content of phenolic compounds ranged from 1.2 mg GA/g (carrot) to 16.9 mg GA/g (lettuce). Vegetables presenting the highest antioxidant activity were lettuce (77.2 µmol Trolox/g DPPH•; 447.1 µmol F2+/g FRAP), turmeric (118.6 µmol Trolox/g ABTS•+; 92.8% β-carotene), watercress and broccoli (protective factor 1.29—Rancimat method). Artichoke, spinach, broccoli, and asparagus also showed considerable antioxidant activity. The most frequent phenolic compounds identified by GC-MS were ferulic, caffeic, p-coumaric, 2-dihydroxybenzoic, 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acids, and quercetin. We observed antioxidant activity in several vegetables and our results point out their importance in the diet.
Keywords: antioxidant activity; phenolic compounds; vegetables; GC-MS
This is an open access article distributed under the
Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution,
and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Export to BibTeX
MDPI and ACS Style
Tiveron, A.P.; Melo, P.S.; Bergamaschi, K.B.; Vieira, T.M.F.S.; Regitano-d’Arce, M.A.B.; Alencar, S.M. Antioxidant Activity of Brazilian Vegetables and Its Relation with Phenolic Composition. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 8943-8957.
Tiveron AP, Melo PS, Bergamaschi KB, Vieira TMFS, Regitano-d’Arce MAB, Alencar SM. Antioxidant Activity of Brazilian Vegetables and Its Relation with Phenolic Composition. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(7):8943-8957.
Tiveron, Ana P.; Melo, Priscilla S.; Bergamaschi, Keityane B.; Vieira, Thais M. F. S.; Regitano-d’Arce, Marisa A. B.; Alencar, Severino M. 2012. "Antioxidant Activity of Brazilian Vegetables and Its Relation with Phenolic Composition." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 7: 8943-8957.