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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(7), 8696-8721; doi:10.3390/ijms13078696
Review

Multiple Mechanisms and Challenges for the Application of Allopolyploidy in Plants

1,†
, 2,†
, 3,†
, 4,5
, 6
, 1
, 7
 and 6,*
Received: 30 May 2012; in revised form: 4 July 2012 / Accepted: 4 July 2012 / Published: 13 July 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Molecular Plant Biology)
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Abstract: An allopolyploid is an individual having two or more complete sets of chromosomes derived from different species. Generation of allopolyploids might be rare because of the need to overcome limitations such as co-existing populations of parental lines, overcoming hybrid incompatibility, gametic non-reduction, and the requirement for chromosome doubling. However, allopolyploids are widely observed among plant species, so allopolyploids have succeeded in overcoming these limitations and may have a selective advantage. As techniques for making allopolyploids are developed, we can compare transcription, genome organization, and epigenetic modifications between synthesized allopolyploids and their direct parental lines or between several generations of allopolyploids. It has been suggested that divergence of transcription caused either genetically or epigenetically, which can contribute to plant phenotype, is important for the adaptation of allopolyploids.
Keywords: allopolyploid; self-compatibility; cytoplasmic male sterility; reproductive barrier; epigenetics allopolyploid; self-compatibility; cytoplasmic male sterility; reproductive barrier; epigenetics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Osabe, K.; Kawanabe, T.; Sasaki, T.; Ishikawa, R.; Okazaki, K.; Dennis, E.S.; Kazama, T.; Fujimoto, R. Multiple Mechanisms and Challenges for the Application of Allopolyploidy in Plants. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 8696-8721.

AMA Style

Osabe K, Kawanabe T, Sasaki T, Ishikawa R, Okazaki K, Dennis ES, Kazama T, Fujimoto R. Multiple Mechanisms and Challenges for the Application of Allopolyploidy in Plants. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(7):8696-8721.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Osabe, Kenji; Kawanabe, Takahiro; Sasaki, Taku; Ishikawa, Ryo; Okazaki, Keiichi; Dennis, Elizabeth S.; Kazama, Tomohiko; Fujimoto, Ryo. 2012. "Multiple Mechanisms and Challenges for the Application of Allopolyploidy in Plants." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 7: 8696-8721.



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