Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(5), 6440-6451; doi:10.3390/ijms13056440

Phytochemical and Biological Studies of Agave attenuata

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Received: 27 March 2012; in revised form: 14 April 2012 / Accepted: 4 May 2012 / Published: 24 May 2012
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The present study was conducted to examine various biological activities of a methanol extract of Agave attenuata leaves. GC-MS analysis of the n-hexane fraction from the extract revealed the presence of 31 compounds, with mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (11.37%), 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid (6.33%), n-docosane (6.30%) and eicosane (6.02%) as the major components. The leaves contained appreciable levels of total phenolic contents (10.541–39.35 GAE, mg/100 g) and total flavonoid contents (43.35–304.8 CE, mg/100 g). The extract and some of its fractions showed moderate antimicrobial effects. Leaves extract and fractions also exhibited a good antioxidant potential when measured by DPPH radical scavenging activity and inhibition of lipid peroxidation assays. The hemolytic effect of the plant was found to be in a range of 1.01%–2.64%. From the present study it is concluded that this plant could be used as a source of natural antioxidants and functional food nutraceutical applications.
Keywords: Agave attenuata; GC-MS; peroxidation; volatile fraction; flavonoids; phenolics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rizwan, K.; Zubair, M.; Rasool, N.; Riaz, M.; Zia-Ul-Haq, M.; de Feo, V. Phytochemical and Biological Studies of Agave attenuata. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 6440-6451.

AMA Style

Rizwan K, Zubair M, Rasool N, Riaz M, Zia-Ul-Haq M, de Feo V. Phytochemical and Biological Studies of Agave attenuata. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(5):6440-6451.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rizwan, Komal; Zubair, Muhammad; Rasool, Nasir; Riaz, Muhammad; Zia-Ul-Haq, Muhammad; de Feo, Vincenzo. 2012. "Phytochemical and Biological Studies of Agave attenuata." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 5: 6440-6451.

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