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Using Support Vector Machine and Evolutionary Profiles to Predict Antifreeze Protein Sequences
College of Computer Science and Information Technology, Northeast Normal University, 2555 Jingyue Street, Changchun 130117, China
Key Laboratory of Intelligent Information Processing of Jilin Universities, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130117, China
College of Life Science, Northeast Normal University, 5268 Renmin Street, Changchun 130024, China
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 January 2012; in revised form: 29 January 2012 / Accepted: 29 January 2012 / Published: 17 February 2012
Abstract: Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are ice-binding proteins. Accurate identification of new AFPs is important in understanding ice-protein interactions and creating novel ice-binding domains in other proteins. In this paper, an accurate method, called AFP_PSSM, has been developed for predicting antifreeze proteins using a support vector machine (SVM) and position specific scoring matrix (PSSM) profiles. This is the first study in which evolutionary information in the form of PSSM profiles has been successfully used for predicting antifreeze proteins. Tested by 10-fold cross validation and independent test, the accuracy of the proposed method reaches 82.67% for the training dataset and 93.01% for the testing dataset, respectively. These results indicate that our predictor is a useful tool for predicting antifreeze proteins. A web server (AFP_PSSM) that implements the proposed predictor is freely available.
Keywords: antifreeze proteins; support vector machine; position specific scoring matrix; web sever; evolutionary information
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MDPI and ACS Style
Zhao, X.; Ma, Z.; Yin, M. Using Support Vector Machine and Evolutionary Profiles to Predict Antifreeze Protein Sequences. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 2196-2207.
Zhao X, Ma Z, Yin M. Using Support Vector Machine and Evolutionary Profiles to Predict Antifreeze Protein Sequences. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(2):2196-2207.
Zhao, Xiaowei; Ma, Zhiqiang; Yin, Minghao. 2012. "Using Support Vector Machine and Evolutionary Profiles to Predict Antifreeze Protein Sequences." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 2: 2196-2207.