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Preparation of TiO2 Nanocrystallite Powders Coated with 9 mol% ZnO for Cosmetic Applications in Sunscreens
Department of Fragrance and Cosmetic Science, Kaohsiung Medical University, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan
Department of Resources Engineering, National Chen Kung University, 1 Ta-Hsueh Road, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 January 2012; in revised form: 18 January 2012 / Accepted: 18 January 2012 / Published: 3 February 2012
Abstract: The preparation of TiO2 nanocrystallite powders coated with and without 9 mol% ZnO has been studied for cosmetic applications in sunscreens by a co-precipitation process using TiCl4 and Zn(NO3)2·6H2O as starting materials. XRD results show that the phases of anatase TiO2 and rutile TiO2 coexist for precursor powders without added ZnO (T-0Z) and calcined at 523 to 973 K for 2 h. When the T-0Z precursor powders are calcined at 1273 K for 2 h, only the rutile TiO2 appears. In addition, when the TiO2 precursor powders contain 9 mol% ZnO (T-9Z) are calcined at 873 to 973 K for 2 h, the crystallized samples are composed of the major phase of rutile TiO2 and the minor phases of anatase TiO2 and Zn2Ti3O8. The analyses of UV/VIS/NIR spectra reveal that the absorption of the T-9Z precursor powders after being calcined has a red-shift effect in the UV range with increasing calcination temperature. Therefore, the TiO2 nanocrystallite powders coated with 9 mol% ZnO can be used as the attenuate agent in the UV-A region for cosmetic applications in sunscreens.
Keywords: anatase; rutile; surface modification with 9 mol% TiO2; sunscreens cosmetic application; co-precipitation process
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Ko, H.-H.; Chen, H.-T.; Yen, F.-L.; Lu, W.-C.; Kuo, C.-W.; Wang, M.-C. Preparation of TiO2 Nanocrystallite Powders Coated with 9 mol% ZnO for Cosmetic Applications in Sunscreens. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 1658-1669.
Ko H-H, Chen H-T, Yen F-L, Lu W-C, Kuo C-W, Wang M-C. Preparation of TiO2 Nanocrystallite Powders Coated with 9 mol% ZnO for Cosmetic Applications in Sunscreens. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(2):1658-1669.
Ko, Horng-Huey; Chen, Hui-Ting; Yen, Feng-Ling; Lu, Wan-Chen; Kuo, Chih-Wei; Wang, Moo-Chin. 2012. "Preparation of TiO2 Nanocrystallite Powders Coated with 9 mol% ZnO for Cosmetic Applications in Sunscreens." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 2: 1658-1669.