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Coenzyme Q Metabolism Is Disturbed in High Fat Diet-Induced Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Rats
Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, National Institute of Health, Rome 00161, Italy
Department of Hematology, Oncology and Molecular Medicine, National Institute of Health, Rome 00161, Italy
Department of Biochemistry, Biology & Genetics, Marche Polytechnic University, Ancona 00161, Italy
Service for Biotechnology and Animal Welfare, Animal Experimentation Sector, National Institute of Health, Rome 00161, Italy
Department of Veterinary Basic Sciences, the Royal Veterinary College, Royal College St., London NW1 0TU, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 December 2011; in revised form: 12 January 2012 / Accepted: 29 January 2012 / Published: 2 February 2012
Abstract: Oxidative stress is believed to be a major contributory factor in the development of non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common liver disorder worldwide. In this study, the effects of high fat diet-induced NAFLD on Coenzyme Q (CoQ) metabolism and plasma oxidative stress markers in rats were investigated. Rats were fed a standard low fat diet (control) or a high fat diet (57% metabolizable energy as fat) for 18 weeks. The concentrations of total (reduced + oxidized) CoQ9 were increased by > 2 fold in the plasma of animals fed the high fat diet, while those of total CoQ10 were unchanged. Reduced CoQ levels were raised, but oxidized CoQ levels were not, thus the proportion in the reduced form was increased by about 75%. A higher percentage of plasma CoQ9 as compared to CoQ10 was in the reduced form in both control and high fat fed rats. Plasma protein thiol (SH) levels were decreased in the high fat-fed rats as compared to the control group, but concentrations of lipid hydroperoxides and low density lipoprotein (LDL) conjugated dienes were unchanged. These results indicate that high fat diet-induced NAFLD in rats is associated with altered CoQ metabolism and increased protein, but not lipid, oxidative stress.
Keywords: antioxidants; oxidative stress; non alcoholic fatty liver disease; Coenzyme Q; protein thiol groups; rats
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MDPI and ACS Style
Bravo, E.; Palleschi, S.; Rossi, B.; Napolitano, M.; Tiano, L.; D’Amore, E.; Botham, K.M. Coenzyme Q Metabolism Is Disturbed in High Fat Diet-Induced Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Rats. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 1644-1657.
Bravo E, Palleschi S, Rossi B, Napolitano M, Tiano L, D’Amore E, Botham KM. Coenzyme Q Metabolism Is Disturbed in High Fat Diet-Induced Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Rats. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(2):1644-1657.
Bravo, Elena; Palleschi, Simonetta; Rossi, Barbara; Napolitano, Mariarosaria; Tiano, Luca; D’Amore, Emanuela; Botham, Kathleen M. 2012. "Coenzyme Q Metabolism Is Disturbed in High Fat Diet-Induced Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Rats." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 2: 1644-1657.