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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(11), 15209-15226; doi:10.3390/ijms131115209
Article

Isolation and Structural Characterization of Lignin from Cotton Stalk Treated in an Ammonia Hydrothermal System

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Received: 28 May 2012; in revised form: 7 November 2012 / Accepted: 13 November 2012 / Published: 16 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Material Sciences and Nanotechnology)
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Abstract: To investigate the potential for the utilization of cotton stalk, ammonia hydrothermal treatment was applied to fractionate the samples into aqueous ammonia-soluble and ammonia-insoluble portions. The ammonia-soluble portion was purified to yield lignin fractions. The lignin fractions obtained were characterized by wet chemistry (carbohydrate analysis) and spectroscopy methods (FT-IR, 13C and 1H-13C HSQC NMR spectroscopy) as well as gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The results showed that the cotton stalk lignin fractions were almost absent of neutral sugars (0.43%–1.29%) and had relatively low average molecular weights (1255–1746 g/mol). The lignin fractions belonged to typical G-S lignin, which was composed predominately of G-type units (59%) and noticeable amounts of S-type units (40%) together with a small amount of H-type units (~1%). Furthermore, the ammonia-extractable lignin fractions were mainly composed of β-O-4' inter-unit linkages (75.6%), and small quantities of β-β' (12.2%), together with lower amounts of β-5' carbon-carbon linkages (7.4%) and p-hydroxycinnamyl alcohol end groups.
Keywords: cotton stalk; lignin; ammonia hydrothermal system; 13C NMR; HSQC cotton stalk; lignin; ammonia hydrothermal system; 13C NMR; HSQC
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kang, S.; Xiao, L.; Meng, L.; Zhang, X.; Sun, R. Isolation and Structural Characterization of Lignin from Cotton Stalk Treated in an Ammonia Hydrothermal System. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 15209-15226.

AMA Style

Kang S, Xiao L, Meng L, Zhang X, Sun R. Isolation and Structural Characterization of Lignin from Cotton Stalk Treated in an Ammonia Hydrothermal System. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(11):15209-15226.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kang, Sumin; Xiao, Lingping; Meng, Lingyan; Zhang, Xueming; Sun, Runcang. 2012. "Isolation and Structural Characterization of Lignin from Cotton Stalk Treated in an Ammonia Hydrothermal System." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 11: 15209-15226.


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