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Nitric Oxide-Dependent Posttranslational Modification in Plants: An Update
Institute of Biochemical Plant Pathology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
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Received: 6 September 2012; in revised form: 16 October 2012 / Accepted: 6 November 2012 / Published: 16 November 2012
Abstract: Nitric oxide (NO) has been demonstrated as an essential regulator of several physiological processes in plants. The understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying its critical role constitutes a major field of research. NO can exert its biological function through different ways, such as the modulation of gene expression, the mobilization of second messengers, or interplays with protein kinases. Besides this signaling events, NO can be responsible of the posttranslational modifications (PTM) of target proteins. Several modifications have been identified so far, whereas metal nitrosylation, the tyrosine nitration and the S-nitrosylation can be considered as the main ones. Recent data demonstrate that these PTM are involved in the control of a wide range of physiological processes in plants, such as the plant immune system. However, a great deal of effort is still necessary to pinpoint the role of each PTM in plant physiology. Taken together, these new advances in proteomic research provide a better comprehension of the role of NO in plant signaling.
Keywords: metal nitrosylation; S-nitrosylation; tyrosine nitration; nitric oxide; posttranslational modification; plants
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Astier, J.; Lindermayr, C. Nitric Oxide-Dependent Posttranslational Modification in Plants: An Update. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 15193-15208.
Astier J, Lindermayr C. Nitric Oxide-Dependent Posttranslational Modification in Plants: An Update. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(11):15193-15208.
Astier, Jeremy; Lindermayr, Christian. 2012. "Nitric Oxide-Dependent Posttranslational Modification in Plants: An Update." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 11: 15193-15208.