Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(10), 12213-12223; doi:10.3390/ijms131012213
Article

Interferon-β1b Increases Th2 Response in Neuromyelitis Optica

1,* email, 1email, 1email, 2email, 1email, 1email and 1email
Received: 6 August 2012; in revised form: 12 September 2012 / Accepted: 20 September 2012 / Published: 25 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in the Research of Multiple Sclerosis)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: A Japanese randomized controlled study showed that Interferon â (IFN-â1b) therapy is clinically effective in decreasing the frequency of attacks in multiple sclerosis (MS), even in optico-spinal MS (OSMS). However, recent studies have shown that IFN-â (IFN-â1a/IFN-â1b) treatment was not effective in neuromyelitis optica (NMO) patients and that the diminished benefit of IFN-â treatment in NMO may be due to different immune responses to IFN-â. We determined longitudinally the expression of CCR5, CXCR3 and CCR4 on CD4+ T and CD8+ T cells in the blood from patients with NMO and MS treated with IFN-â1b. During a 12-month period of IFN-â1b therapy, the annualized relapse rate decreased in MS patients but not in NMO patients. There was no significant difference in the expression of the chemokine receptors between NMO and MS at baseline. The percentages of CD4+CCR5+ and CD4+CXCR3+ T cells, representative of the Th1 response, were decreased in both NMO and MS after treatment. The percentage of CD4+CCR4+ T cells, representative of the Th2 response, was decreased in MS, but those for NMO was significantly increased compared with the pretreatment levels. Our results indicate that IFN-â1b-induced up-modulation of the Th2 response in NMO patients may be the source of differences in the therapeutic response to IFN-â1b therapy. In the present study, Th2 predominance is involved in the pathogenesis of NMO.
Keywords: neuromyelitis optica; multiple sclerosis; IFN-â1b; chemokine receptor; CCR5; CXCR3; CCR4; Th1; Th2
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nakajima, H.; Hosokawa, T.; Doi, Y.; Ikemoto, T.; Ishida, S.; Kimura, F.; Hanafusa, T. Interferon-β1b Increases Th2 Response in Neuromyelitis Optica. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 12213-12223.

AMA Style

Nakajima H, Hosokawa T, Doi Y, Ikemoto T, Ishida S, Kimura F, Hanafusa T. Interferon-β1b Increases Th2 Response in Neuromyelitis Optica. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(10):12213-12223.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nakajima, Hideto; Hosokawa, Takafumi; Doi, Yoshimitu; Ikemoto, Toshiyuki; Ishida, Shimon; Kimura, Fumiharu; Hanafusa, Toshiaki. 2012. "Interferon-β1b Increases Th2 Response in Neuromyelitis Optica." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 10: 12213-12223.

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