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Multilocus Phylogenetics Show High Intraspecific Variability within Fusarium avenaceum
Department of Diagnostics and Plant Pathophysiology, University of Warmia and Mazury, Plac Łódzki 5, 10-957, Olsztyn, Poland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2011; in revised form: 16 August 2011 / Accepted: 20 August 2011 / Published: 31 August 2011
Abstract: Fusarium avenaceum is a common soil saprophyte and plant pathogen of a variety of hosts worldwide. This pathogen is often involved in the crown rot and head blight of cereals that affects grain yield and quality. F. avenaceum contaminates grain with enniatins more than any species, and they are often detected at the highest prevalence among fusarial toxins in certain geographic areas. We studied intraspecific variability of F. avenaceum based on partial sequences of elongation factor-1 alpha, enniatin synthase, intergenic spacer of rDNA, arylamine N-acetyltransferase and RNA polymerase II data sets. The phylogenetic analyses incorporated a collection of 63 F. avenaceum isolates of various origin among which 41 were associated with wheat. Analyses of the multilocus sequence (MLS) data indicated a high level of genetic variation within the isolates studied with no significant linkage disequilibrium. Correspondingly, maximum parsimony analyses of both MLS and individual data sets showed lack of clear phylogenetic structure within F. avenaceum in relation to host (wheat) and geographic origin. Lack of host specialization indicates no host selective pressure in driving F. avenaceum evolution, while no geographic lineage structure indicates widespread distribution of genotypes that resulted in nullifying the effects of geographic isolation on the evolution of this species. Moreover, significant incongruence between all individual tree topologies and little clonality is consistent with frequent recombination within F. avenaceum.
Keywords: Fusarium avenaceum; phylogeny
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Kulik, T.; Pszczółkowska, A.; Łojko, M. Multilocus Phylogenetics Show High Intraspecific Variability within Fusarium avenaceum. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 5626-5640.
Kulik T, Pszczółkowska A, Łojko M. Multilocus Phylogenetics Show High Intraspecific Variability within Fusarium avenaceum. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(9):5626-5640.
Kulik, Tomasz; Pszczółkowska, Agnieszka; Łojko, Maciej. 2011. "Multilocus Phylogenetics Show High Intraspecific Variability within Fusarium avenaceum." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 9: 5626-5640.