Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(8), 5449-5460; doi:10.3390/ijms12085449
Article

Estimation of the Genetic Diversity in Tetraploid Alfalfa Populations Based on RAPD Markers for Breeding Purposes

1 Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Maksima Gorkog 30, Novi Sad 21000, Serbia 2 Department of Fruit Growing, Viticulture, Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 8, Novi Sad 21000, Serbia 3 Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 2, Novi Sad 21000, Serbia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 May 2011; in revised form: 25 July 2011 / Accepted: 16 August 2011 / Published: 24 August 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [536 KB, uploaded 24 August 2011 12:34 CEST]
Abstract: Alfalfa is an autotetraploid, allogamous and heterozygous forage legume, whose varieties are synthetic populations. Due to the complex nature of the species, information about genetic diversity of germplasm used in any alfalfa breeding program is most beneficial. The genetic diversity of five alfalfa varieties, involved in progeny tests at Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, was characterized based on RAPD markers. A total of 60 primers were screened, out of which 17 were selected for the analysis of genetic diversity. A total of 156 polymorphic bands were generated, with 10.6 bands per primer. Number and percentage of polymorphic loci, effective number of alleles, expected heterozygosity and Shannon’s information index were used to estimate genetic variation. Variety Zuzana had the highest values for all tested parameters, exhibiting the highest level of variation, whereas variety RSI 20 exhibited the lowest. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) showed that 88.39% of the total genetic variation was attributed to intra-varietal variance. The cluster analysis for individual samples and varieties revealed differences in their population structures: variety Zuzana showed a very high level of genetic variation, Banat and Ghareh were divided in subpopulations, while Pecy and RSI 20 were relatively uniform. Ways of exploiting the investigated germplasm in the breeding programs are suggested in this paper, depending on their population structure and diversity. The RAPD analysis shows potential to be applied in analysis of parental populations in semi-hybrid alfalfa breeding program in both, development of new homogenous germplasm, and identification of promising, complementary germplasm.
Keywords: alfalfa; breeding; cluster analysis; genetic diversity; RAPD

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Nagl, N.; Taski-Ajdukovic, K.; Barac, G.; Baburski, A.; Seccareccia, I.; Milic, D.; Katic, S. Estimation of the Genetic Diversity in Tetraploid Alfalfa Populations Based on RAPD Markers for Breeding Purposes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 5449-5460.

AMA Style

Nagl N, Taski-Ajdukovic K, Barac G, Baburski A, Seccareccia I, Milic D, Katic S. Estimation of the Genetic Diversity in Tetraploid Alfalfa Populations Based on RAPD Markers for Breeding Purposes. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(8):5449-5460.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nagl, Nevena; Taski-Ajdukovic, Ksenija; Barac, Goran; Baburski, Aleksandar; Seccareccia, Ivana; Milic, Dragan; Katic, Slobodan. 2011. "Estimation of the Genetic Diversity in Tetraploid Alfalfa Populations Based on RAPD Markers for Breeding Purposes." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 8: 5449-5460.

Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert