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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(8), 4991-5010; doi:10.3390/ijms12084991
Article

Resveratrol Protects against 2-Bromopropane-Induced Apoptosis and Disruption of Embryonic Development in Blastocysts

Received: 27 May 2011; in revised form: 18 July 2011 / Accepted: 28 July 2011 / Published: 5 August 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Toxicology)
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Abstract: 2-Bromopropane (2-BP) is used as an alternative to ozone-depleting cleaning solvents. Previously, we reported that 2-BP has cytotoxic effects on mouse blastocysts and is associated with defects in subsequent development. In the present work, we show that 2-BP induces apoptosis in the inner cell mass of mouse blastocysts, and inhibits cell proliferation. Both effects are suppressed by resveratrol, a grape-derived phytoalexin with known antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. 2-BP-treated blastocysts displayed lower levels of implantation (compared to controls) when plated on culture dishes in vitro, and a reduced ability to proceed to later stages of embryonic development. Pretreatment with resveratrol prevented 2-BP-induced disruption of embryonic development, both in vitro and in vivo. Further investigation of these processes revealed that 2-BP directly promotes ROS generation, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and activation of caspase-3, whereas resveratrol effectively blocks 2-BP-induced ROS production and the accompanying apoptotic biochemical changes. Our results collectively imply that 2-BP triggers the mitochondrion-dependent apoptotic pathway via ROS generation, and the antioxidant activity of resveratrol prevents 2-BP-induced toxicity.
Keywords: resveratrol; 2-Bromopropane; blastocyst; apoptosis; development resveratrol; 2-Bromopropane; blastocyst; apoptosis; development
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chan, W.-H. Resveratrol Protects against 2-Bromopropane-Induced Apoptosis and Disruption of Embryonic Development in Blastocysts. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 4991-5010.

AMA Style

Chan W-H. Resveratrol Protects against 2-Bromopropane-Induced Apoptosis and Disruption of Embryonic Development in Blastocysts. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(8):4991-5010.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chan, Wen-Hsiung. 2011. "Resveratrol Protects against 2-Bromopropane-Induced Apoptosis and Disruption of Embryonic Development in Blastocysts." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 8: 4991-5010.



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