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Epigenetics: New Questions on the Response to Hypoxia
AbstractReduction in oxygen levels below normal concentrations plays important roles in different normal and pathological conditions, such as development, tumorigenesis, chronic kidney disease and stroke. Organisms exposed to hypoxia trigger changes at both cellular and systemic levels to recover oxygen homeostasis. Most of these processes are mediated by Hypoxia Inducible Factors, HIFs, a family of transcription factors that directly induce the expression of several hundred genes in mammalian cells. Although different aspects of HIF regulation are well known, it is still unclear by which precise mechanism HIFs activate transcription of their target genes. Concomitantly, hypoxia provokes a dramatic decrease of general transcription that seems to rely in part on epigenetic changes through a poorly understood mechanism. In this review we discuss the current knowledge on chromatin changes involved in HIF dependent gene activation, as well as on other epigenetic changes, not necessarily linked to HIF that take place under hypoxic conditions.
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Perez-Perri, J.I.; Acevedo, J.M.; Wappner, P. Epigenetics: New Questions on the Response to Hypoxia. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 4705-4721.View more citation formats
Perez-Perri JI, Acevedo JM, Wappner P. Epigenetics: New Questions on the Response to Hypoxia. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(7):4705-4721.Chicago/Turabian Style
Perez-Perri, Joel I.; Acevedo, Julieta M.; Wappner, Pablo. 2011. "Epigenetics: New Questions on the Response to Hypoxia." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 7: 4705-4721.